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[De1CTF 2019]SSRF Me

2020-07-30 21:33:39  阅读:40  来源: 互联网

标签:Me return De1CTF self param 2019 result action def


#! /usr/bin/env python
#encoding=utf-8
from flask import Flask
from flask import request
import socket
import hashlib
import urllib
import sys
import os
import json
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('latin1')
app = Flask(__name__)
secert_key = os.urandom(16)
class Task:
    def __init__(self, action, param, sign, ip):
        self.action = action
        self.param = param
        self.sign = sign
        self.sandbox = md5(ip)
        if(not os.path.xists(self.sandbox)):          #SandBox For Remote_Addr
            os.mkdir(self.sandbox)
    def Exec(self):
        result = {}
        result['code'] = 500
        if (self.checkSign()):
            if "scan" in self.action:
                tmpfile = open("./%s/result.txt" % self.sandbox, 'w')

                resp = scan(self.param)

                if (resp == "Connection Timeout"):

                    result['data'] = resp

                else:

                    print resp

                    tmpfile.write(resp)

                    tmpfile.close()

                result['code'] = 200

            if "read" in self.action:

                f = open("./%s/result.txt" % self.sandbox, 'r')

                result['code'] = 200

                result['data'] = f.read()

            if result['code'] == 500:

                result['data'] = "Action Error"

        else:

            result['code'] = 500

            result['msg'] = "Sign Error"

        return result



    def checkSign(self):

        if (getSign(self.action, self.param) == self.sign):

            return True

        else:

            return False

#generate Sign For Action Scan.

@app.route("/geneSign", methods=['GET', 'POST'])

def geneSign():

    param = urllib.unquote(request.args.get("param", "")) #urllib.unquote 是url解码   ----urlib.urlencode 是url编码  #request.args.get获取单个值

    action = "scan"

    return getSign(action, param)


@app.route('/De1ta',methods=['GET','POST'])

def challenge():

    action = urllib.unquote(request.cookies.get("action"))

    param = urllib.unquote(request.args.get("param", ""))

    sign = urllib.unquote(request.cookies.get("sign"))

    ip = request.remote_addr #获取request的ip

    if(waf(param)):

        return "No Hacker!!!!"

    task = Task(action, param, sign, ip)

    return json.dumps(task.Exec())

@app.route('/')

def index():

    return open("code.txt","r").read()

def scan(param):

    socket.setdefaulttimeout(1)

    try:

        return urllib.urlopen(param).read()[:50]

    except:

        return "Connection Timeout"


def getSign(action, param):
    return hashlib.md5(secert_key + param + action).hexdigest()
    
def md5(content):
    return hashlib.md5(content).hexdigest()
    
def waf(param):
    check=param.strip().lower()
    if check.startswith("gopher") or check.startswith("file"):
        return True
    else:
        return False
if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.debug = False
    app.run(host='0.0.0.0')
# generate Sign For Action Scan.
@app.route("/geneSign", methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def geneSign():

    # urllib.unquote 是url解码   ----urlib.urlencode 是url编码  #request.args.get获取单个值
    param = urllib.unquote(request.args.get("param", ""))

    action = "scan"

    return getSign(action, param)

返回geneSign页面

def getSign(action, param):
    return hashlib.md5(secert_key + param + action).hexdigest()

看下De1ta页面,接受了action和sign的cookie和param变量的值

@app.route('/De1ta', methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def challenge():

    action = urllib.unquote(request.cookies.get("action"))

    param = urllib.unquote(request.args.get("param", ""))

    sign = urllib.unquote(request.cookies.get("sign"))

    ip = request.remote_addr  # 获取request的ip

    if (waf(param)):

        return "No Hacker!!!!"

    task = Task(action, param, sign, ip)

    return json.dumps(task.Exec())

param要过waf,看一下waf。

移除头尾空格,转为小写,检查是否存在gopher和file,过滤了这两个协议,不能直接通过param传参来读文件

def waf(param):
    check = param.strip().lower()
    if check.startswith("gopher") or check.startswith("file"):
        return True
    else:
        return False

过waf后,调用exec方法

def Exec(self):
        result = {}
        result['code'] = 500
        if (self.checkSign()):
            if "scan" in self.action:
                tmpfile = open("./%s/result.txt" % self.sandbox, 'w')

                resp = scan(self.param)

                if (resp == "Connection Timeout"):

                    result['data'] = resp

                else:

                    print resp

                    tmpfile.write(resp)

                    tmpfile.close()

                result['code'] = 200

            if "read" in self.action:

                f = open("./%s/result.txt" % self.sandbox, 'r')

                result['code'] = 200

                result['data'] = f.read()

            if result['code'] == 500:

                result['data'] = "Action Error"

        else:

            result['code'] = 500

            result['msg'] = "Sign Error"

        return result

先通过checkSign.

需要action和param通过getSign方法后的值与sign相同,如果scan再action里面,会将param传入scan函数调用

def checkSign(self):

        if (getSign(self.action, self.param) == self.sign):

            return True

        else:

            return False

看一下scan

def scan(param):

    socket.setdefaulttimeout(1)

    try:

        return urllib.urlopen(param).read()[:50]

    except:

        return "Connection Timeout"

scan函数会抓取param这个页面并读取

再往后看,如果有read就可以进行读取,并返回结果

这里应该就是利用点了,题目一开始提醒了,flag在/flag.txt,我们就可以将param的值变为flag.txt,首先要考虑checkSign,要使

需要构造aciton和param经过md5加密后等于sign

def getSign(action, param):
    return hashlib.md5(secert_key + param + action).hexdigest()

secret_key的值不知道,没办法手工构造,在geneSign页面

# generate Sign For Action Scan.
@app.route("/geneSign", methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def geneSign():

    # urllib.unquote 是url解码   ----urlib.urlencode 是url编码  #request.args.get获取单个值
    param = urllib.unquote(request.args.get("param", ""))

    action = "scan"

    return getSign(action, param)

这里调用了getSign,并且返回了他的值

action被写为scan,少一个read,在exc方法中action必须有read和scan,

然后hint又告诉我们在./flag.txt下

所以构造

http://ca643316-afc2-4476-afd0-5263a319e2c6.node3.buuoj.cn/geneSign?param=flag.txtread

获得cookie后

a918564b3ef3310d56199a0039bf5b60

访问Delta页面,传参param=flag.txt

image-20200730195759371

代码审计类的题目总体上讲没有什么特别的套路,尤其是这种体量较小的代码,也不需要很大的脑洞,只要有较为扎实的基本功,认真的审计代码,找出关键点,耐心回溯与跟进,搞清楚流程,构建一个大体的思路,去实践去验证它的可行性,即使没有接触题目,也一定有所提升。

标签:Me,return,De1CTF,self,param,2019,result,action,def
来源: https://www.cnblogs.com/LEOGG321/p/13406418.html

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