ICode9

精准搜索请尝试: 精确搜索
首页 > 其他分享> 文章详细

详细记录狂神ssm学习笔记

2022-09-17 00:30:54  阅读:8  来源: 互联网

标签:int 笔记 书籍 ssm books id 狂神 Books public


SSM框架整合

1.环境要求

  • IDEA

  • MySQL 5.7

  • Tomcat 9

  • Maven 3.6

    要求:

  • 需要熟练掌握MySQL数据库,Spring,Java Web及Mybatis知识,简单的前端知识。

2.数据库环境

创建一个存放书籍数据的数据库表

CREATE DATABASE `ssmbuild`;
 
USE `ssmbuild`;
 
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `books`;
 
CREATE TABLE `books` (
  `bookID` INT(10) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '书id',
  `bookName` VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL COMMENT '书名',
  `bookCounts` INT(11) NOT NULL COMMENT '数量',
  `detail` VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL COMMENT '描述',
  KEY `bookID` (`bookID`)
) ENGINE=INNODB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
 
INSERT  INTO `books`(`bookID`,`bookName`,`bookCounts`,`detail`)VALUES 
(1,'Java',10,'从入门到放弃'),
(2,'MySQL',6,'从删库到跑路'),
(3,'Linux',5,'从入门到进牢');

3.基本环境搭建

1、新建一Maven项目!ssmbuild , 添加web的支持!

2、导入相关的pom依赖!

<!--依赖:junit,数据库驱动,连接池,servlet,jsp,Mybatis,Mybatis-Spring,Spring-->
<dependencies>
    <!--junit-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>junit</groupId>
        <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
        <version>4.12</version>
    </dependency>
    <!--数据库驱动-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>mysql</groupId>
        <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        <version>5.1.48</version>
    </dependency>
    <!--数据库连接池:c3p0   dbcp-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
        <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
        <version>0.9.5.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <!--servlet jsp jstl-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
        <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
        <version>2.5</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
        <artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
        <version>2.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
        <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
        <version>1.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <!--Mybatis-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
        <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
        <version>3.5.3</version>
    </dependency>
    <!--Mybatis和Spring整合包-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
        <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.4</version>
    </dependency>
    <!--Spring-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
        <version>5.2.0.RELEASE</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
        <version>5.2.0.RELEASE</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

3.Maven静态资源导出设置

<build>
    <resources>
        <resource>
            <directory>src/main/resources</directory>
            <includes>
                <include>**/*.properties</include>
                <include>**/*.xml</include>
            </includes>
            <filtering>false</filtering>
        </resource>
        <resource>
            <directory>src/main/java</directory>
            <includes>
                <include>**/*.properties</include>
                <include>**/*.xml</include>
            </includes>
            <filtering>false</filtering>
        </resource>
    </resources>
</build>

4、建立项目基本结构和配置框架!

  • com.kuang.pojo
  • com.kuang.dao
  • com.kuang.service
  • com.kuang.controller
  • mybatis-config.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
 
</configuration>
  • applicationContext.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">
 
</beans>

4.Mybatis层编写

1.数据库配置文【database.properties】

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
# 如果使用的是MySQL8.0+,需要增加一个时区配置 &serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssmbuild?useSSL=true&useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8&serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=123456

2、IDEA关联数据库

3、编写MyBatis的核心配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>

    <!--配置数据源,交给Spring去做-->

    <!--开启日志-->
    <settings>
        <setting name="logImpl" value="LOG4J"/>
    </settings>

    
    <!--配置数据源,交给Spring去做-->
    <typeAliases>
        <package name="com.kuang.pojo"/>
    </typeAliases>

    <!--注册-->
    <mappers>
        <mapper class="com.kuang.dao.BookMapper"/>
    </mappers>

</configuration>

4、编写数据库对应的实体类 com.tian.Books

使用lombok插件!

package com.kuang.pojo;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Books {
    private int bookID;
    private String bookName;
    private int bookCounts;
    private String detail;
}

5、编写Dao层的 Mapper接口!

package com.kuang.dao;

import com.kuang.pojo.Books;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

import java.util.List;

public interface BookMapper {
    //增加一个Book
    int addBook(Books book);

    //根据id删除一个Book
    int deleteBookById(@Param("bookId") int id);

    //更新Book
    int updateBook(Books books);

    //根据id查询,返回一个Book
    Books queryBookById(@Param("bookId") int id);

    //查询全部Book,返回list集合
    List<Books> queryAllBook();
}

6、编写接口对应的 Mapper.xml 文件。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">

<mapper namespace="com.kuang.dao.BookMapper">
    <!--增加一个Book-->
    <insert id="addBook" parameterType="Books">
        insert into ssmbuild.books (bookName, bookCounts, detail) 
        values (#{bookName},#{bookCounts},#{detail})
    </insert>
    <!--根据id删除一个Book-->
    <delete id="deleteBookById" parameterType="int">
        delete from ssmbuild.books where bookID=#{bookID}
    </delete>
    <!--更新Book-->
    <update id="updateBook" parameterType="Books">
        update ssmbuild.books 
        set bookName = #{bookName},bookCounts = #{bookCounts},detail = #{detail}
        where bookID = #{bookID}
    </update>
    <!--根据id查询,返回一个Book-->
    <select id="queryBookById" resultType="Books">
        select * from ssmbuild.books where bookID=#{bookID}
    </select>
    <!--查询全部Book,返回list集合-->
    <select id="queryAllBook" resultType="Books">
        select * from ssmbuild.books
    </select>
</mapper>

7、编写Service层的接口和实现类

接口:

//BookService:底下需要去实现,调用dao层
public interface BookService {
    //增加一个Book
    int addBook(Books book);

    //根据id删除一个Book
    int deleteBookById(@Param("bookID") int id);

    //更新Book
    int updateBook(Books books);

    //根据id查询,返回一个Book
    Books queryBookById(@Param("bookID") int id);

    //查询全部Book,返回list集合
    List<Books> queryAllBook();
}

实现类:

public class BookServiceImpl implements BookService{

    //调用dao层的操作,设置一个set接口,方便Spring管理
    private BookMapper bookMapper;

    public void setBookMapper(BookMapper bookMapper) {
        this.bookMapper = bookMapper;
    }

    @Override
    public int addBook(Books book) {
        return bookMapper.addBook(book);
    }

    @Override
    public int deleteBookById(int id) {
        return bookMapper.deleteBookById(id);
    }

    @Override
    public int updateBook(Books books) {
        return bookMapper.updateBook(books);
    }

    @Override
    public Books queryBookById(int id) {
        return bookMapper.queryBookById(id);
    }

    @Override
    public List<Books> queryAllBook() {
        return bookMapper.queryAllBook();
    }
}

OK,到此,底层需求操作编写完毕!

5.Spring层

1、配置Spring整合MyBatis,我们这里数据源使用c3p0连接池;

2、我们去编写Spring整合Mybatis的相关的配置文件;spring-dao.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--整合Mybatis-->
    <!-- 1.关联数据库配置文件-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:database.properties"/>

    <!-- 2.数据库连接池-->
    <!--数据库连接池
        dbcp  半自动化操作  不能自动连接
        c3p0  自动化操作(自动的加载配置文件 并且设置到对象里面)
    -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <!--配置连接池属性-->
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>

        <!--c3p0连接池私有属性-->
        <property name="maxPoolSize" value="30"/>
        <property name="minPoolSize" value="10"/>
        <!-- 关闭连接后不自动commit -->
        <property name="autoCommitOnClose" value="false"/>
        <!-- 获取连接超时时间 -->
        <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="10000"/>
        <!-- 当获取连接失败重试次数 -->
        <property name="acquireRetryAttempts" value="2"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 3.配置SqlSessionFactory对象-->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <!--注入数据库连接池-->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!-- 配置Mybatis全局配置文件:mybatis-config.xml -->
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 4.配置扫描Dao接口包,动态实现Dao接口注入到spring容器中-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <!--注入SqlSessionFactory-->
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"/>
        <!--指定需要扫描的Dao接口包-->
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.kuang.dao"/>
    </bean>

</beans>

3、Spring整合service层

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--扫描service包下相关的bean-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.kuang.service"/>

    <!--将所有业务类注入到spring容器托管,可以通过配置或者注解实现-->
    <bean id="bookService" class="com.kuang.service.BookServiceImpl">
        <property name="bookMapper" ref="bookMapper"/>
    </bean>

    <!--配置事务管理器-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <!-- 注入数据库连接池 -->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>
</beans>

applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <import resource="classpath:spring-dao.xml"/>
    <import resource="classpath:spring-service.xml"/>
</beans>

Spring层搞定!再次理解一下,Spring就是一个大杂烩,一个容器!对吧!

6.SpringMVC层

1.web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_4_0.xsd"
         version="4.0">

    <!--配置DispatcherServlet-->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <!--一定要注意:我们这里加载的是总的配置文件,这里有坑!-->
            <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <!--EncodingFilter-->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>utf-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!--Session过期时间-->
    <session-config>
        <session-timeout>15</session-timeout>
    </session-config>
</web-app>

2.spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc https://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">

    <!--配置SpringMVC-->
    <!-- 1.开启SpringMVC注解驱动-->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <!-- 2.静态资源过滤-->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

    <!-- 3.配置视图解析器-->
    <bean id="internalResourceViewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <!--前缀-->
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/"/>
        <!--后缀-->
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 4.扫描controller包下相关的bean-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.kuang.controller"/>
</beans>

3、Spring配置整合文件,applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <import resource="classpath:spring-dao.xml"/>
    <import resource="classpath:spring-service.xml"/>
    <import resource="classpath:spring-mvc.xml"/>
</beans>

到此,配置文件结束!

7.Controller和视图层编写

1.BookController类编写 方法一:查询全部书籍

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/book")
public class BookController {

    @Autowired
    @Qualifier("bookServiceImpl")
    private BookService bookService;

    //方法一:查询全部书籍
    @RequestMapping("/allBook")
    public String list(Model model){
        List<Books> books = bookService.queryAllBook();
        model.addAttribute("list",books);
        return "allBook";
    }
}

2、编写首页 index.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>首页</title>
        <style type="text/css">
            a {
                text-decoration: none;
                color: black;
                font-size: 18px;
            }
            h3 {
                width: 180px;
                height: 38px;
                margin: 100px auto;
                text-align: center;
                line-height: 38px;
                background: deepskyblue;
                border-radius: 4px;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>

        <h3>
            <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/allBook">点击进入列表页</a>
        </h3>
    </body>
</html>

3、书籍列表页面 allbook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>书籍列表</title>
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
        <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
        <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
    </head>
    <body>

        <div class="container">
            <div class="row clearfix">
                <div class="col-md-12 column">
                    <div class="page-header">
                        <h1>
                            <small>书籍列表 —— 显示所有书籍</small>
                        </h1>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="row">
                <div class="col-md-4 column">
                    <a class="btn btn-primary" href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/toAddBook">新增</a>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="row clearfix">
                <div class="col-md-12 column">
                    <table class="table table-hover table-striped">
                        <thead>
                            <tr>
                                <th>书籍编号</th>
                                <th>书籍名字</th>
                                <th>书籍数量</th>
                                <th>书籍详情</th>
                                <th>操作</th>
                            </tr>
                        </thead>
                        <tbody>
                            <c:forEach var="book" items="${requestScope.get('list')}">
                                <tr>
                                    <td>${book.getBookID()}</td>
                                    <td>${book.getBookName()}</td>
                                    <td>${book.getBookCounts()}</td>
                                    <td>${book.getDetail()}</td>
                                    <td>
                                        <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/toUpdateBook?id=${book.getBookID()}">更改</a> |
                                        <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/del/${book.getBookID()}">删除</a>
                                    </td>
                                </tr>
                            </c:forEach>
                        </tbody>
                    </table>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>

BookController 类编写 方法二:添加书籍

@RequestMapping("/toAddBook")
public String toAddPaper(){
    return "addBook";
}

//方法二:添加书籍
@RequestMapping("/addBook")
public String addBook(Books book){
    bookService.addBook(book);
    return "redirect:/book/allBook";
}

5、添加书籍页面:addBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
 
<html>
<head>
    <title>新增书籍</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
    <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <div class="page-header">
                <h1>
                    <small>新增书籍</small>
                </h1>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/addBook" method="post">
        书籍名称:<input type="text" name="bookName"><br><br><br>
        书籍数量:<input type="text" name="bookCounts"><br><br><br>
        书籍详情:<input type="text" name="detail"><br><br><br>
        <input type="submit" value="添加">
    </form>
</div>

6、BookController 类编写 , 方法三:修改书籍

//方法三:修改书籍信息
@RequestMapping("/toUpdateBook")
public String toUpdateBook(Model model,int id){
    Books book = bookService.queryBookById(id);
    model.addAttribute("book",book);
    return "updateBook";
}

@RequestMapping("/updateBook")
public String updateBook(Model model,Books book){
    bookService.updateBook(book);
    Books books = bookService.queryBookById(book.getBookID());
    model.addAttribute("books", books);
    return "redirect:/book/allBook";
}

7、修改书籍页面 updateBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>

<html>
<head>
    <title>修改书籍信息</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
    <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <div class="page-header">
                <h1>
                    <small>修改书籍信息</small>
                </h1>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/updateBook" method="post">
        <input type="hidden" name="bookID" value="${book.bookID}"/>
        书籍名称:<input type="text" name="bookName" value="${book.bookName}"/><br><br><br>
        书籍数量:<input type="text" name="bookCounts" value="${book.bookCounts}"/><br><br><br>
        书籍详情:<input type="text" name="detail" value="${book.detail}"/><br><br><br>
        <input type="submit" value="添加">
    </form>
</div>

8、BookController 类编写 方法四:删除书籍

//方法四:删除书籍【使用restFul风格】
@RequestMapping("/del/{bookID}")
public String deleteBook(@PathVariable("bookID") int id){
    bookService.deleteBookById(id);
    return "redirect:/book/allBook";
}

配置Tomcat,进行运行!

到目前为止,这个SSM项目整合已经完全的OK了,可以直接运行进行测试!这个练习十分的重要,大家需要保证,不看任何东西,自己也可以完整的实现出来!

项目结构图

image-20220908175601900

8.完整代码

1、BookController类

package com.kuang.controller;

import com.kuang.pojo.Books;
import com.kuang.service.BookService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/book")
public class BookController {
    //controller调用service层
    @Autowired
    @Qualifier("BookServiceImpl")
    private BookService bookService;
    //    查询全部的书籍,并展示
    @RequestMapping("/allBook")
    public String list(Model model){
        List<Books> books = bookService.queryAllBook();
        model.addAttribute("list",books);

        return "allBook";
    }
    //跳转到增加书籍页面
    @RequestMapping("/toAddBook")
    public String toAddPaper(){
        return "addBook";
    }
    //添加书籍的请求
    @RequestMapping("/addBook")
    public String addBook(Books books)
    {
        bookService.addBook(books);
        return "redirect:/book/allBook";
    }
    //跳转到修改页面
    @RequestMapping("/toUpdate")
    //获得对象的id,方便修改页面显示出对象的值。并使用model携带
    public String toUpdatePaper(int id,Model model) {
        Books books = bookService.queryBookById(id);
        model.addAttribute("QBook",books);
        return "updateBook";
    }
    //修改书籍的请求
    @RequestMapping("/updateBook")
    public String UpdateBook(Books books) {
        System.out.println("UpdateBook=>"+books);
        bookService.updateBook(books);
        return "redirect:/book/allBook";//重定向
    }

    //删除书籍
    @RequestMapping("/deleteBook/{bookId}")
    public String deleteBook(@PathVariable("bookId") int id){
        bookService.deleteBookById(id);
        return "redirect:/book/allBook";
    }
    //查询书籍
    @RequestMapping("/queryBook")
    public String queryBook(String queryBookName,Model model){
        Books books = bookService.queryBookByName(queryBookName);
        List<Books> list=new ArrayList<Books>();
        list.add(books);
        if(books==null){
            list=(bookService.queryAllBook());
            model.addAttribute("error","未找到该书籍");
        }
        model.addAttribute("list",list);
        return "allBook";
    }
}

2、BookMapper接口

package com.kuang.dao;

import com.kuang.pojo.Books;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

import java.util.List;

public interface BookMapper {
    //增加一个Book
    int addBook(Books book);

    //根据id删除一个Book
    int deleteBookById(int id);

    //更新Book
    int updateBook(Books books);

    //根据id查询,返回一个Book
    Books queryBookById(int id);

    //查询全部Book,返回list集合
    List<Books> queryAllBook();

    Books queryBookByName(String bookName);
}

3、BookMapper.xml配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.kuang.dao.BookMapper">

    <!--增加一个Book-->
    <insert id="addBook" parameterType="Books">
        insert into ssmbuild.books (bookName, bookCounts, detail)
        values (#{bookName},#{bookCounts},#{detail})
    </insert>
    <!--根据id删除一个Book-->
    <delete id="deleteBookById" parameterType="int">
        delete from ssmbuild.books where bookID=#{bookID}
    </delete>
    <!--更新Book-->
    <update id="updateBook" parameterType="Books">
        update ssmbuild.books
        set bookName = #{bookName},bookCounts = #{bookCounts},detail = #{detail}
        where bookID = #{bookID}
    </update>
    <!--根据id查询,返回一个Book-->
    <select id="queryBookById" resultType="Books">
        select * from ssmbuild.books where bookID=#{bookID}
    </select>
    <!--查询全部Book,返回list集合-->
    <select id="queryAllBook" resultType="Books">
        select * from ssmbuild.books
    </select>
    <select id="queryBookByName" resultType="Books">
        select * from ssmbuild.books where bookName = #{bookName}
    </select>
</mapper>

4、Books实体类

package com.kuang.pojo;
import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Books {
    private int bookID;
    private String bookName;
    private int bookCounts;
    private String detail;
}

5、BookService接口

package com.kuang.service;

import com.kuang.pojo.Books;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

import java.util.List;

//BookService:底下需要去实现,调用dao层
public interface BookService {
    //增加一个Book
    int addBook(Books book);

    //根据id删除一个Book
    int deleteBookById(int id);

    //更新Book
    int updateBook(Books books);

    //根据id查询,返回一个Book
    Books queryBookById(int id);

    //查询全部Book,返回list集合
    List<Books> queryAllBook();

    Books queryBookByName(String bookName);
}

6、BookServiceImpl实现类

package com.kuang.service;

import com.kuang.dao.BookMapper;
import com.kuang.pojo.Books;

import java.util.List;

public class BookServiceImpl implements BookService {

    //调用dao层的操作,设置一个set接口,方便Spring管理
    private BookMapper bookMapper;

    public void setBookMapper(BookMapper bookMapper) {
        this.bookMapper = bookMapper;
    }

    public int addBook(Books book) {
        return bookMapper.addBook(book);
    }

    public int deleteBookById(int id) {
        return bookMapper.deleteBookById(id);
    }

    public int updateBook(Books books) {
        return bookMapper.updateBook(books);
    }

    public Books queryBookById(int id) {
        return bookMapper.queryBookById(id);
    }

    public List<Books> queryAllBook() {
        return bookMapper.queryAllBook();
    }

    public Books queryBookByName(String bookName) {
        return bookMapper.queryBookByName(bookName);
    }
}

7、applicationContext.xml配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <import resource="classpath:spring-dao.xml"/>
    <import resource="classpath:spring-service.xml"/>
    <import resource="classpath:spring-mvc.xml"/>
</beans>

8、database.properties(Mysql8.0)

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
# 如果使用的是MySQL8.0+,需要增加一个时区配置 &serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssmbuild?useSSL=true&useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8&serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=123456

9、mybatis-config.xml配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
    <!--配置数据源,交给Spring去做-->
    <typeAliases>
        <package name="com.kuang.pojo"/>
    </typeAliases>
    <!--注册-->
    <mappers>
        <mapper class="com.kuang.dao.BookMapper"/>
    </mappers>
</configuration>

10、spring-dao.xml配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--整合Mybatis-->
    <!-- 1.关联数据库配置文件-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:database.properties"/>

    <!-- 2.数据库连接池-->
    <!--数据库连接池
        dbcp  半自动化操作  不能自动连接
        c3p0  自动化操作(自动的加载配置文件 并且设置到对象里面)
    -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <!--配置连接池属性-->
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>

        <!--c3p0连接池私有属性-->
        <property name="maxPoolSize" value="30"/>
        <property name="minPoolSize" value="10"/>
        <!-- 关闭连接后不自动commit -->
        <property name="autoCommitOnClose" value="false"/>
        <!-- 获取连接超时时间 -->
        <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="10000"/>
        <!-- 当获取连接失败重试次数 -->
        <property name="acquireRetryAttempts" value="2"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 3.配置SqlSessionFactory对象-->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <!--注入数据库连接池-->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!-- 配置Mybatis全局配置文件:mybatis-config.xml -->
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 4.配置扫描Dao接口包,动态实现Dao接口注入到spring容器中-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <!--注入SqlSessionFactory-->
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"/>
        <!--指定需要扫描的Dao接口包-->
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.kuang.dao"/>
    </bean>
</beans>

11、spring-mvc.xml配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
       https://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">

    <!--配置SpringMVC-->
    <!-- 1.开启SpringMVC注解驱动-->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <!-- 2.静态资源过滤-->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

    <!-- 3.配置视图解析器-->
    <bean id="internalResourceViewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <!--前缀-->
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/"/>
        <!--后缀-->
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 4.扫描controller包下相关的bean-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.kuang.controller"/>
</beans>

12、spring-service.xml配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--1、扫描service包下相关的bean-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.kuang.service"/>

    <!--2、将所有业务类注入到spring容器托管,可以通过配置或者注解实现-->
    <bean id="BookServiceImpl" class="com.kuang.service.BookServiceImpl">
        <property name="bookMapper" ref="bookMapper"/>
    </bean>

    <!--3、配置事务管理器-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <!-- 注入数据库连接池 -->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>
</beans>

13、addBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>

<html>
<head>
    <title>新增书籍</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
    <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <div class="page-header">
                <h1>
                    <small>新增书籍</small>
                </h1>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/addBook" method="post">
        书籍名称:<input type="text" name="bookName" required><br><br><br>
        书籍数量:<input type="text" name="bookCounts" required><br><br><br>
        书籍详情:<input type="text" name="detail" required><br><br><br>
        <input type="submit" value="添加">
    </form>
</div>
</body>
</html>>

14、allBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>

<html>
<head>
    <title>书籍列表</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
    <link
            href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">

</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <div class="page-header">
                <h1>
                    <small>书籍列表--显示所有书籍</small>
                </h1>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-md-4 column">
            <a class="btn btn-primary" href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/toAddBook">新增书籍</a>
            <a class="btn btn-primary" href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/allBook">显示全部书籍</a>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-4 column"></div>
        <div class="col-md-4 column">
            <form class="form-inline" action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/queryBook" method="post"
                  style="float: right">
            <span style="color:red;font-weight: bold">${error}
            </span>
                <input type="text" name="queryBookName" class="form-control"
                       placeholder="输入查询书名" required>
                <input type="submit" value="查询" class="btn btn-primary">
            </form>
        </div>

    </div>

    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <table class="table table-hover table-striped">
                <thead>
                <tr>
                    <th>书籍编号</th>
                    <th>书籍名字</th>
                    <th>书籍数量</th>
                    <th>书籍详情</th>
                    <th>操作</th>
                </tr>
                </thead>
                <tbody>
                <c:forEach var="book" items="${list}">
                    <tr>
                        <td>${book.bookID}</td>
                        <td>${book.bookName}</td>
                        <td>${book.bookCounts}</td>
                        <td>${book.detail}</td>
                        <td>
                                <%-- 发送修改消息,并且发现修改对象的id,让修改的时候可以看到对象值 --%>
                            <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/toUpdate?id=${book.bookID}">修改</a>
                            |
                            <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/deleteBook/${book.bookID}">删除</a>
                        </td>

                    </tr>
                </c:forEach>
                </tbody>
            </table>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
</body>
</html>


15、updateBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>

<html>
<head>
    <title>修改书籍信息</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
    <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <div class="page-header">
                <h1>
                    <small>修改书籍信息</small>
                </h1>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/updateBook" method="post">
        书籍 ID:<input type="text" name="bookID" value="${QBook.bookID}" style="background:#FFFF00" readonly><br><br><br>
        书籍名称:<input type="text" name="bookName" value="${QBook.bookName}" required/><br><br><br>
        书籍数量:<input type="text" name="bookCounts" value="${QBook.bookCounts}" required/><br><br><br>
        书籍详情:<input type="text" name="detail" value="${QBook.detail}" required/><br><br><br>
        <input type="submit" value="修改">
    </form>
</div>
</body>
</html>

16、web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_4_0.xsd"
         version="4.0">

    <!--配置DispatcherServlet-->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <!--一定要注意:我们这里加载的是总的配置文件,这里有坑!-->
            <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <!--EncodingFilter-->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>utf-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!--Session过期时间-->
    <session-config>
        <session-timeout>15</session-timeout>
    </session-config>
</web-app>

17、index.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
  <title>首页</title>
  <style type="text/css">
    a {
      text-decoration: none;
      color: black;
      font-size: 18px;
    }
    h3 {
      width: 180px;
      height: 38px;
      margin: 100px auto;
      text-align: center;
      line-height: 38px;
      background: deepskyblue;
      border-radius: 4px;
    }
  </style>
</head>
<body>

<h3>
  <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/allBook">点击进入列表页</a>
</h3>
</body>
</html>

18、pom.xml配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.kuang</groupId>
    <artifactId>ssmbuild</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <!--依赖:junit,数据库驱动,连接池,servlet,jsp,Mybatis,Mybatis-Spring,Spring-->
    <dependencies>
        <!--junit-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--数据库驱动-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>8.0.29</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--数据库连接池:c3p0   dbcp-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
            <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
            <version>0.9.5.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--servlet jsp jstl-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>2.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
            <artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
            <version>2.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--Mybatis-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>3.5.6</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--Mybatis和Spring整合包-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>2.0.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--Spring-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.9.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.9.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.18.24</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <!--静态资源导出问题-->
    <build>
        <resources>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/resources</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.properties</include>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                </includes>
                <filtering>false</filtering>
            </resource>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/java</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.properties</include>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                </includes>
                <filtering>false</filtering>
            </resource>
        </resources>
    </build>
</project>

最终展示的页面结果如下:

image-20220908181358859

image-20220908181418904

image-20220908181444163

标签:int,笔记,书籍,ssm,books,id,狂神,Books,public
来源: https://www.cnblogs.com/tuyin/p/16701743.html

专注分享技术,共同学习,共同进步。侵权联系[81616952@qq.com]

Copyright (C)ICode9.com, All Rights Reserved.

ICode9版权所有