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实战 | 从 0 到 1 搭建 Dubbo 接口自动化测试

2022-01-25 11:36:54  阅读:45  来源: 互联网

标签:Dubbo String 接口 static private DubboInterfaceInfo public 搭建


前言

由于公司 Dubbo 接口数量较多,且核心接口较多,故需要一套 Dubbo 接口自动化框架,来提高测试效率。

1、Dubbo 接口自动化测试框架实现逻辑

2、框架具体功能

框架需要
实现功能

| 功能说明| 当前版本是否已实现
---|---|---
从 maven 库自动下载所需 jar 包| 为了更好的自动化,所有的 provider 的 jar 都从 maven 下载,避免手工导入| 已实现
参数自定义| 匹配不同的 Dubbo 接口,不同的参数需求| 已实现
断言功能| 一个接口是否调用成功,在于断言是否成功| 已实现
邮件报警功能| 如果 Dubbo 接口调用 provider 失败,自动进行邮件报警| 已实现
自动运行| 利用 jenkins 自动运行| 已实现

3、关键实践

由于目前阶段刚接触 java 及 Dubbo,本次实现为基本功能实现,数据隔离等没有做。  

3.1 下载 provider 的 jar 包,并代理声明 +zookeeper 设置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"  
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
       xmlns:Dubbo="http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/Dubbo"  
       xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"  
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans  
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd  
       http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/Dubbo  
       http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/Dubbo/Dubbo.xsd">  
  
    <Dubbo:application name="demo-consumer"/>  
  
    <Dubbo:registry address="zookeeper://1127.0.0.1:2181" />  
  
    <Dubbo:reference id="IPromiseForOrderService" interface="com.test.api.IPromiseForOrderService" version="1.0" check="true"/>  
</beans>  

3.2 邮件发送功能

(1)邮件服务器配置在 mailConfig.properties

(2)获取 mailconfig 信息,并封装成类

public class MailConfig {  
    private static final String PROPERTIES_DEFAULT = "mailConfig.properties";  
    public static String host;  
    public static Integer port;  
    public static String userName;  
    public static String passWord;  
    public static String emailForm;  
    public static String timeout;  
    public static String personal;  
    public static Properties properties;  
    static{  
        init();  
    }  
  
    /**  
     * 初始化  
     */  
    private static void init() {  
        properties = new Properties();  
        InputStream inputStream = null;  
        try{  
  
            inputStream = MailConfig.class.getClassLoader().getResourceAsStream(PROPERTIES_DEFAULT);  
            properties.load(inputStream);  
            inputStream.close();  
            host = properties.getProperty("mailHost");  
            port = Integer.parseInt(properties.getProperty("mailPort"));  
            userName = properties.getProperty("mailUsername");  
            passWord = properties.getProperty("mailPassword");  
            emailForm = properties.getProperty("mailFrom");  
            timeout = properties.getProperty("mailTimeout");  
            personal = " 自动化测试 ";  
        } catch(IOException e){  
            e.printStackTrace();  
        }  
    }  
}  

(3)封装发送邮件功能

public class MailUtil {  
    private static final String HOST = MailConfig.host;  
    private static final Integer PORT = MailConfig.port;  
    private static final String USERNAME = MailConfig.userName;  
    private static final String PASSWORD = MailConfig.passWord;  
    private static final String emailForm = MailConfig.emailForm;  
    private static final String timeout = MailConfig.timeout;  
    private static final String personal = MailConfig.personal;  
    private static JavaMailSenderImpl mailSender = createMailSender();  
    /**  
     * 邮件发送器  
     *  
     * @return 配置好的工具  
     */  
    private static JavaMailSenderImpl createMailSender() {  
        JavaMailSenderImpl sender = new JavaMailSenderImpl();  
        sender.setHost(HOST);  
        sender.setPort(PORT);  
        sender.setUsername(USERNAME);  
        sender.setPassword(PASSWORD);  
        sender.setDefaultEncoding("Utf-8");  
        Properties p = new Properties();  
        p.setProperty("mail.smtp.timeout", timeout);  
        p.setProperty("mail.smtp.auth", "false");  
        sender.setJavaMailProperties(p);  
        return sender;  
    }  
  
    /**  
     * 发送邮件  
     *  
     * @param to 接受人  
     * @param subject 主题  
     * @param html 发送内容  
     * @throws MessagingException 异常  
     * @throws UnsupportedEncodingException 异常  
     */  
    public void sendMail(InternetAddress[] to, String subject, String html) throws MessagingException,UnsupportedEncodingException {  
        MimeMessage mimeMessage = mailSender.createMimeMessage();  
        // 设置 utf-8 或 GBK 编码,否则邮件会有乱码  
        MimeMessageHelper messageHelper = new MimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage, true, "UTF-8");  
        messageHelper.setFrom(emailForm, personal);  
        messageHelper.setTo(to);  
        messageHelper.setSubject(subject);  
        messageHelper.setText(html, false);  
        mailSender.send(mimeMessage);  
    }  
}  

3.3 封装 Dubbo 接口信息类

把 Dubbo 接口封装成一个类,方便信息 get 和 set

public class DubboInterfaceInfo {  
    private String DubboInterfaceWiki;  
    private String DubboInterfacePacketName;  
    private String DubboInterfaceClassName;  
    private RestRequest request;  
    private String responseStatusSuccessful;  
    private String responseMessageSuccessful;  
    private String DubboInterfaceId;  
  
    public DubboInterfaceInfo() {}  
  
    public String getDubboInterfaceWiki() {  
        return this.DubboInterfaceWiki;  
    }  
    public void setDubboInterfaceWiki(String DubboInterfaceWiki) {  
        this.DubboInterfaceWiki = DubboInterfaceWiki;  
    }  
  
    public String getDubboInterfacePacketName() {  
        return this.DubboInterfacePacketName;  
    }  
    public void setDubboInterfacePacketName(String DubboInterfacePacketName) {  
        this.DubboInterfacePacketName = DubboInterfacePacketName;  
    }  
  
    public String getDubboInterfaceClassName() {  
        return this.DubboInterfaceClassName;  
    }  
    public void setDubboInterfaceClassName(String DubboInterfaceClassName) {  
        this.DubboInterfaceClassName = DubboInterfaceClassName;  
    }  
  
    public RestRequest getRestRequest() {  
        return this.request;  
    }  
    public void setRestRequest(RestRequest request) {  
        this.request = request;  
    }  
  
    public String getResponseStatusSuccessful() {  
        return this.responseStatusSuccessful;  
    }  
    public void setResponseStatusSuccessful(String responseStatusSuccessful) {  
        this.responseStatusSuccessful = responseStatusSuccessful;  
    }  
  
    public String getResponseMessageSuccessful() {  
        return this.responseMessageSuccessful;  
    }  
    public void setResponseMessageSuccessful(String responseMessageSuccessful) {  
        this.responseMessageSuccessful = responseMessageSuccessful;  
    }  
  
    public String getDubboInterfaceId() {  
        return this.DubboInterfaceId;  
    }  
    public void setDubboInterfaceId(String DubboInterfaceId) {  
        this.DubboInterfaceId = DubboInterfaceId;  
    }  
}  

3.4 利用 JMeter 调用 provider 服务,并断言,邮件报警

利用 Jmeter 调用 provider 服务,并断言,邮件报警,这些功能封装成 Dubbo 接口测试类,代码如下:

public class IPromiseForOrderServiceTest extends AbstractJavaSamplerClient {  
    /**  
     * CONTEXT  
     * 读取 Dubbo-config.xml 中的内容  
     */  
    private static final ApplicationContext CONTEXT = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("Dubbo-config.xml");  
    public DubboInterfaceInfo DubboInterfaceInfo = new DubboInterfaceInfo();  
    public String responseSuccess;  
    public String responseFail;  
    public FreeStockForOrderParam request;  
    /**  
     * IPromiseForOrderService  
     * 此处需要实例化 Dubbo 接口 IPromiseForOrderService,像定义变量一样实例化  
     */  
    private static IPromiseForOrderService IPromiseForOrderService;  
  
    /**  
     * IPromiseForOrderService  
     * 以下方法用于 输入 Dubbo 接口信息  
     */  
    public void DubboInterfaceInfoInitialization () {  
        DubboInterfaceInfo.setDubboInterfaceWiki("......");  
        DubboInterfaceInfo.setDubboInterfacePacketName("......");  
        DubboInterfaceInfo.setDubboInterfaceClassName("......");  
        DubboInterfaceInfo.setDubboInterfaceId("......");  
        DubboInterfaceInfo.setResponseStatusSuccessful("0");  
        DubboInterfaceInfo.setResponseMessageSuccessful("success");  
        String orderNo = "orderNo";  
        String operater="";  
        String channel="";  
        String operateId="operateId";  
        String version= PromiseVersion.V_1_0_0.getVersion();  
        request = new FreeStockForOrderParam();  
        if (orderNo != null || orderNo.length() > 0) {  
            request.setOrderNo(orderNo);  
        }  
        if (operater != null || operater.length() > 0) {  
            request.setOperater(operater);  
        }  
        if (channel != null || channel.length() > 0) {  
            request.setChannel(channel);  
        }  
        if (operateId != null || operateId.length() > 0) {  
            request.setOperateId(operateId);  
        }  
        if (version != null || version.length() > 0) {  
            request.setVersion(version);  
        }  
        RestRequest<FreeStockForOrderParam> req = new RestRequest<FreeStockForOrderParam>();  
        req.setRequest(request);  
        DubboInterfaceInfo.setRestRequest(req);  
    }  
  
  
    @Override  
    public void setupTest(JavaSamplerContext arg0){  
        IPromiseForOrderService=(IPromiseForOrderService)CONTEXT.getBean("......");  
    }  
  
    @Override  
    public SampleResult runTest(JavaSamplerContext javaSamplerContext) {  
        SampleResult sr = new SampleResult();  
  
        try {  
            sr.sampleStart();  
            RestResponse responseData = IPromiseForOrderService.freeSaleStock(DubboInterfaceInfo.getRestRequest());  
// 自定义 Dubbo 调用成功和失败的邮件正文内容  
            responseSuccess =  
                             "Dubbo 接口: "  
                                     + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfaceId() + " 请求成功\r\n"  
                                     + "WIKI 地址: " + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfaceWiki() + "\r\n"  
                                     + "PacketName: " + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfacePacketName() + "\r\n"  
                                     + "ClassName: " + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfaceClassName() + "\r\n"  
                                    ;  
            responseFail =  
                    "Dubbo 接口: " + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfaceId() + " 请求失败\r\n"  
                            + "WIKI 地址: " + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfaceWiki() + "\r\n"  
                            + "PacketName: " + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfacePacketName() + "\r\n"  
                            + "ClassName" + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfaceClassName() + "\r\n"  
                            + " 请求参数为:Channel: " + request.getChannel() +  
                                            " / operater: " + request.getOperater() +  
                                            " / OperateId: " + request.getOperateId() +  
                                            " / OrderNo: " + request.getOrderNo() +  
                                            " / Version: " + request.getVersion()  
                            + "\r\n"  
                            + " 返回结果为:"  
                            + "ResponseStatus: " + responseData.getStatus()  
                            + " / ResponseMessage: " + responseData.getMessage()  
                            + " / ResponseResult: " + responseData.getResult();  
  
  
            /**  
             * 邮件定义及发送  
             */  
            InternetAddress[] address = new InternetAddress[2];  
            try {  
                address[0] = new InternetAddress("lalllalala@qq.com");  
                address[1] = new InternetAddress("3456789@qq.com");  
            } catch (AddressException e) {  
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block  
                e.printStackTrace();  
            }  
            MailUtil mailUtil = new MailUtil();  
  
            if ((DubboInterfaceInfo.getResponseStatusSuccessful().equals(responseData.getStatus())) && (DubboInterfaceInfo.getResponseMessageSuccessful().equals(responseData.getMessage()))) {  
                sr.setSuccessful(true);  
                sr.setResponseData("responseData: " + responseData, "utf-8");  
                System.out.println(responseSuccess);  
                mailUtil.sendMail(address,"Dubbo 接口:" + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfaceId() + " 请求成功 ",responseSuccess.toString());  
  
            } else {  
                sr.setSuccessful(false);  
                System.out.println(responseFail);  
                mailUtil.sendMail(address,"Dubbo 接口:" + DubboInterfaceInfo.getDubboInterfaceId() + " 请求失败 ",responseFail.toString());  
            }  
  
            sr.sampleEnd();  
        } catch (Exception e) {  
            e.printStackTrace();  
        }  
  
        return sr;  
    }  
  
  
}  

3.5 利用 Testng 注释,调用 Dubbo 接口类,进行测试

public class TestngTest {  
    @Test()  
    public void testDubboInterface() {  
        JavaSamplerContext arg0 = new JavaSamplerContext(new Arguments());  
  
        Dubbo 接口测试类 TestForIPromiseForOrderService = new Dubbo 接口测试类 ();  
        TestForIPromiseForOrderService.DubboInterfaceInfoInitialization();  
        TestForIPromiseForOrderService.setupTest(arg0);  
        SampleResult sr = TestForIPromiseForOrderService.runTest(arg0);  
    }  
}  

4、利用 Jenkins 自动化运行 Dubbo 测试项目

至此,大功告成,你可以完成 Dubbo 接口自动化测试了。另,接下来可以加入关联、测试数据分离等功能,让框架变得更加易用。

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标签:Dubbo,String,接口,static,private,DubboInterfaceInfo,public,搭建
来源: https://www.cnblogs.com/hogwarts/p/15842264.html

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