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七:服务暴露剖析(三)

2022-01-07 00:01:44  阅读:83  来源: 互联网

标签:dubbo 服务 url bind 暴露 剖析 URL KEY new


服务暴露

远程服务暴露

在这里插入图片描述

源码讲解:
直接从ServiceConfig的exportUrl开始讲解

	//org.apache.dubbo.config.ServiceConfig#exportUrl
    private void exportUrl(URL url, List<URL> registryURLs) {
        String scope = url.getParameter(SCOPE_KEY);
        // don't export when none is configured
        if (!SCOPE_NONE.equalsIgnoreCase(scope)) {

            // export to local if the config is not remote (export to remote only when config is remote)
            if (!SCOPE_REMOTE.equalsIgnoreCase(scope)) {
                //本地暴露
                exportLocal(url);
            }

            // export to remote if the config is not local (export to local only when config is local)
            if (!SCOPE_LOCAL.equalsIgnoreCase(scope)) {
            	//远程暴露,执行到这里
                url = exportRemote(url, registryURLs);
                MetadataUtils.publishServiceDefinition(url);
            }

        }
        this.urls.add(url);
    }

    private URL exportRemote(URL url, List<URL> registryURLs) {
        if (CollectionUtils.isNotEmpty(registryURLs)) {
            for (URL registryURL : registryURLs) {
                if (SERVICE_REGISTRY_PROTOCOL.equals(registryURL.getProtocol())) {
                    url = url.addParameterIfAbsent(SERVICE_NAME_MAPPING_KEY, "true");
                }

                //if protocol is only injvm ,not register
                if (LOCAL_PROTOCOL.equalsIgnoreCase(url.getProtocol())) {
                    continue;
                }

                url = url.addParameterIfAbsent(DYNAMIC_KEY, registryURL.getParameter(DYNAMIC_KEY));
                URL monitorUrl = ConfigValidationUtils.loadMonitor(this, registryURL);
                if (monitorUrl != null) {
                    url = url.putAttribute(MONITOR_KEY, monitorUrl);
                }

                // For providers, this is used to enable custom proxy to generate invoker
                String proxy = url.getParameter(PROXY_KEY);
                if (StringUtils.isNotEmpty(proxy)) {
                    registryURL = registryURL.addParameter(PROXY_KEY, proxy);
                }

                if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                    if (url.getParameter(REGISTER_KEY, true)) {
                        logger.info("Register dubbo service " + interfaceClass.getName() + " url " + url.getServiceKey() + " to registry " + registryURL.getAddress());
                    } else {
                        logger.info("Export dubbo service " + interfaceClass.getName() + " to url " + url.getServiceKey());
                    }
                }

                doExportUrl(registryURL.putAttribute(EXPORT_KEY, url), true);
            }

        } else {

            if (MetadataService.class.getName().equals(url.getServiceInterface())) {
                localMetadataService.setMetadataServiceURL(url);
            }

            if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                logger.info("Export dubbo service " + interfaceClass.getName() + " to url " + url);
            }
			//执行到这里
            doExportUrl(url, true);
        }


        return url;
    }

    private void doExportUrl(URL url, boolean withMetaData) {
        Invoker<?> invoker = proxyFactory.getInvoker(ref, (Class) interfaceClass, url);
        if (withMetaData) {
            invoker = new DelegateProviderMetaDataInvoker(invoker, this);
        }
        //执行到这里,调用RegistryProtocol的export
        Exporter<?> exporter = protocolSPI.export(invoker);
        exporters.add(exporter);
    }
	//org.apache.dubbo.registry.integration.RegistryProtocol#export
	@Override
    public <T> Exporter<T> export(final Invoker<T> originInvoker) throws RpcException {
        URL registryUrl = getRegistryUrl(originInvoker);
        // url to export locally
        URL providerUrl = getProviderUrl(originInvoker);

        // Subscribe the override data
        // FIXME When the provider subscribes, it will affect the scene : a certain JVM exposes the service and call
        //  the same service. Because the subscribed is cached key with the name of the service, it causes the
        //  subscription information to cover.
        final URL overrideSubscribeUrl = getSubscribedOverrideUrl(providerUrl);
        final OverrideListener overrideSubscribeListener = new OverrideListener(overrideSubscribeUrl, originInvoker);
        Map<URL, NotifyListener> overrideListeners = getProviderConfigurationListener(providerUrl).getOverrideListeners();
        overrideListeners.put(registryUrl, overrideSubscribeListener);

        providerUrl = overrideUrlWithConfig(providerUrl, overrideSubscribeListener);
        //我们主要看这里,这里是 服务端 进行服务暴露的入口
        final ExporterChangeableWrapper<T> exporter = doLocalExport(originInvoker, providerUrl);

        // url to registry
        final Registry registry = getRegistry(registryUrl);
        final URL registeredProviderUrl = getUrlToRegistry(providerUrl, registryUrl);

        // decide if we need to delay publish
        boolean register = providerUrl.getParameter(REGISTER_KEY, true);
        if (register) {
            register(registry, registeredProviderUrl);
        }

        // register stated url on provider model
        registerStatedUrl(registryUrl, registeredProviderUrl, register);


        exporter.setRegisterUrl(registeredProviderUrl);
        exporter.setSubscribeUrl(overrideSubscribeUrl);

        // Deprecated! Subscribe to override rules in 2.6.x or before.
        registry.subscribe(overrideSubscribeUrl, overrideSubscribeListener);

        notifyExport(exporter);
        //Ensure that a new exporter instance is returned every time export
        return new DestroyableExporter<>(exporter);
    }
    
    private <T> ExporterChangeableWrapper<T> doLocalExport(final Invoker<T> originInvoker, URL providerUrl) {
        //判断是否已经暴露过, key的内容为:com.jiangzheng.course.dubbo.api.service.ServiceDemo:20880
        String key = getCacheKey(originInvoker);

        return (ExporterChangeableWrapper<T>) bounds.computeIfAbsent(key, s -> {
            Invoker<?> invokerDelegate = new InvokerDelegate<>(originInvoker, providerUrl);
            //执行到此处的protocol.export方法,最终调用DubboProtocol类
            return new ExporterChangeableWrapper<>((Exporter<T>) protocol.export(invokerDelegate), originInvoker);
        });
    }
	//org.apache.dubbo.rpc.protocol.dubbo.DubboProtocol#export
    @Override
    public <T> Exporter<T> export(Invoker<T> invoker) throws RpcException {
        checkDestroyed();
        URL url = invoker.getUrl();

        // 将业务调用的实现类或代理类相关 放入到缓存里
        String key = serviceKey(url);
        DubboExporter<T> exporter = new DubboExporter<T>(invoker, key, exporterMap);
        exporterMap.put(key, exporter);

        //export an stub service for dispatching event
        Boolean isStubSupportEvent = url.getParameter(STUB_EVENT_KEY, DEFAULT_STUB_EVENT);
        Boolean isCallbackservice = url.getParameter(IS_CALLBACK_SERVICE, false);
        if (isStubSupportEvent && !isCallbackservice) {
            String stubServiceMethods = url.getParameter(STUB_EVENT_METHODS_KEY);
            if (stubServiceMethods == null || stubServiceMethods.length() == 0) {
                if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
                    logger.warn(new IllegalStateException("consumer [" + url.getParameter(INTERFACE_KEY) +
                            "], has set stubproxy support event ,but no stub methods founded."));
                }

            }
        }
		//指定到这里,开启服务
        openServer(url);
        optimizeSerialization(url);

        return exporter;
    }

    private void openServer(URL url) {
        checkDestroyed();
        // 获取本地地址或域名
        String key = url.getAddress();
        //客户端可以导出仅由服务器调用的服务
        boolean isServer = url.getParameter(IS_SERVER_KEY, true);
        if (isServer) {
        	//判断是否已经暴露过了
            ProtocolServer server = serverMap.get(key);
            if (server == null) {//没有的话向下执行
                synchronized (this) {
                    server = serverMap.get(key);
                    if (server == null) {
                    	//执行到这里,此处调用createServer方法进行创建服务
                        serverMap.put(key, createServer(url));
                    }else {
                        server.reset(url);
                    }
                }
            } else {
                // server supports reset, use together with override
                server.reset(url);
            }
        }
    }

    private ProtocolServer createServer(URL url) {
        url = URLBuilder.from(url)
                // send readonly event when server closes, it's enabled by default
                .addParameterIfAbsent(CHANNEL_READONLYEVENT_SENT_KEY, Boolean.TRUE.toString())
                // enable heartbeat by default
                .addParameterIfAbsent(HEARTBEAT_KEY, String.valueOf(DEFAULT_HEARTBEAT))
                .addParameter(CODEC_KEY, DubboCodec.NAME)
                .build();
        String str = url.getParameter(SERVER_KEY, DEFAULT_REMOTING_SERVER);

        if (str != null && str.length() > 0 && !url.getOrDefaultFrameworkModel().getExtensionLoader(Transporter.class).hasExtension(str)) {
            throw new RpcException("Unsupported server type: " + str + ", url: " + url);
        }
		//上面进行url的创建
        ExchangeServer server;
        try {
        	//执行到此处,调用Exchangers.bind方法
            server = Exchangers.bind(url, requestHandler);
        } catch (RemotingException e) {
            throw new RpcException("Fail to start server(url: " + url + ") " + e.getMessage(), e);
        }

        str = url.getParameter(CLIENT_KEY);
        if (str != null && str.length() > 0) {
            Set<String> supportedTypes = url.getOrDefaultFrameworkModel().getExtensionLoader(Transporter.class).getSupportedExtensions();
            if (!supportedTypes.contains(str)) {
                throw new RpcException("Unsupported client type: " + str);
            }
        }

        DubboProtocolServer protocolServer = new DubboProtocolServer(server);
        loadServerProperties(protocolServer);
        return protocolServer;
    }
	//org.apache.dubbo.remoting.exchange.Exchangers#bind(org.apache.dubbo.common.URL, org.apache.dubbo.remoting.exchange.ExchangeHandler)
    public static ExchangeServer bind(URL url, ExchangeHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        if (url == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("url == null");
        }
        if (handler == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("handler == null");
        }
        url = url.addParameterIfAbsent(Constants.CODEC_KEY, "exchange");
        //执行到此处,调用bind方法
        return getExchanger(url).bind(url, handler);
    }
    //org.apache.dubbo.remoting.exchange.support.header.HeaderExchanger#bind
    @Override
    public ExchangeServer bind(URL url, ExchangeHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
    	//执行到此处,调用Transporters.bind方法
        return new HeaderExchangeServer(Transporters.bind(url, new DecodeHandler(new HeaderExchangeHandler(handler))));
    }
    //org.apache.dubbo.remoting.Transporters#bind(org.apache.dubbo.common.URL, org.apache.dubbo.remoting.ChannelHandler...)
    public static RemotingServer bind(URL url, ChannelHandler... handlers) throws RemotingException {
        if (url == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("url == null");
        }
        if (handlers == null || handlers.length == 0) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("handlers == null");
        }
        ChannelHandler handler;
        if (handlers.length == 1) {
            handler = handlers[0];
        } else {
            handler = new ChannelHandlerDispatcher(handlers);
        }
        //通过getTransporter获取到Transporter后调用 bind
        return getTransporter(url).bind(url, handler);
    }
	//此处通过SPI获取到了 org.apache.dubbo.remoting.transport.netty4.NettyTransporter
    public static Transporter getTransporter(URL url) {
        return url.getOrDefaultFrameworkModel().getExtensionLoader(Transporter.class).getAdaptiveExtension();
    }
    //org.apache.dubbo.remoting.transport.netty4.NettyTransporter#bind
    @Override
    public RemotingServer bind(URL url, ChannelHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        //创建netty服务
        return new NettyServer(url, handler);
    }
    //org.apache.dubbo.remoting.transport.netty4.NettyServer#NettyServer
    public NettyServer(URL url, ChannelHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        //调用supper
        super(ExecutorUtil.setThreadName(url, SERVER_THREAD_POOL_NAME), ChannelHandlers.wrap(handler, url));

        // read config before destroy
        serverShutdownTimeoutMills = ConfigurationUtils.getServerShutdownTimeout(getUrl().getOrDefaultModuleModel());
    }
    //org.apache.dubbo.remoting.transport.AbstractServer#AbstractServer
    public AbstractServer(URL url, ChannelHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        super(url, handler);
        executorRepository = url.getOrDefaultApplicationModel().getExtensionLoader(ExecutorRepository.class).getDefaultExtension();
        //获取本机地址
        localAddress = getUrl().toInetSocketAddress();

        //服务绑定的IP的信息
        String bindIp = getUrl().getParameter(Constants.BIND_IP_KEY, getUrl().getHost());
        //服务绑定的端口号的信息
        int bindPort = getUrl().getParameter(Constants.BIND_PORT_KEY, getUrl().getPort());
        if (url.getParameter(ANYHOST_KEY, false) || NetUtils.isInvalidLocalHost(bindIp)) {
            bindIp = ANYHOST_VALUE;
        }
        bindAddress = new InetSocketAddress(bindIp, bindPort);
        this.accepts = url.getParameter(ACCEPTS_KEY, DEFAULT_ACCEPTS);
        try {
        	//执行到这里,此处是现在NettyServer中
            doOpen();
            if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                logger.info("Start " + getClass().getSimpleName() + " bind " + getBindAddress() + ", export " + getLocalAddress());
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            throw new RemotingException(url.toInetSocketAddress(), null, "Failed to bind " + getClass().getSimpleName()
                    + " on " + getLocalAddress() + ", cause: " + t.getMessage(), t);
        }
        executor = executorRepository.createExecutorIfAbsent(url);
    }
    //org.apache.dubbo.remoting.transport.netty4.NettyServer#doOpen
    @Override
    protected void doOpen() throws Throwable {
    	//netty固定api写法
        bootstrap = new ServerBootstrap();
		//线程数为1,主要用于netty的端口监听
        bossGroup = NettyEventLoopFactory.eventLoopGroup(1, EVENT_LOOP_BOSS_POOL_NAME);
        //int DEFAULT_IO_THREADS = Math.min(Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors() + 1, 32);
        //线程数设置与CPU数量是相关的,主要用于真实处理调用请求的
        workerGroup = NettyEventLoopFactory.eventLoopGroup(
                getUrl().getPositiveParameter(IO_THREADS_KEY, Constants.DEFAULT_IO_THREADS),
            EVENT_LOOP_WORKER_POOL_NAME);
		//此处与业务相关,放于之后进行讲解,此处先忽略
        final NettyServerHandler nettyServerHandler = new NettyServerHandler(getUrl(), this);
        channels = nettyServerHandler.getChannels();

        boolean keepalive = getUrl().getParameter(KEEP_ALIVE_KEY, Boolean.FALSE);

        //bootstrap相关设置
        bootstrap.group(bossGroup, workerGroup)
                //NettyEventLoopFactory.serverSocketChannelClass()此方法用于返回使用epoll还是NIO模式
                .channel(NettyEventLoopFactory.serverSocketChannelClass())
                .option(ChannelOption.SO_REUSEADDR, Boolean.TRUE)
                .childOption(ChannelOption.TCP_NODELAY, Boolean.TRUE)
                .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, keepalive)
                .childOption(ChannelOption.ALLOCATOR, PooledByteBufAllocator.DEFAULT)
                .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                    @Override
                    //当有channel过来的时候进行处理
                    protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                        // FIXME: should we use getTimeout()?
                        int idleTimeout = UrlUtils.getIdleTimeout(getUrl());
                        //此处用于配置decoder和encoder
                        NettyCodecAdapter adapter = new NettyCodecAdapter(getCodec(), getUrl(), NettyServer.this);
                        if (getUrl().getParameter(SSL_ENABLED_KEY, false)) {//是否需要开启SSL
                            ch.pipeline().addLast("negotiation", new SslServerTlsHandler(getUrl()));
                        }
                        ch.pipeline()
                                .addLast("decoder", adapter.getDecoder())
                                .addLast("encoder", adapter.getEncoder())
                                .addLast("server-idle-handler", new IdleStateHandler(0, 0, idleTimeout, MILLISECONDS))
                                .addLast("handler", nettyServerHandler);
                    }
                });
        // bind
        ChannelFuture channelFuture = bootstrap.bind(getBindAddress());
        channelFuture.syncUninterruptibly();
        channel = channelFuture.channel();

    }

netty启动之后,还需要维护它,如果服务挂掉 需要有一定的重启机制,所以我们看下 之前调用的地方org.apache.dubbo.remoting.exchange.support.header.HeaderExchanger#bind

    //org.apache.dubbo.remoting.exchange.support.header.HeaderExchanger#bind
    @Override
    public ExchangeServer bind(URL url, ExchangeHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        //上面我们说的是 Transporters.bind 的逻辑,我们看下 new HeaderExchangeServer的逻辑
        return new HeaderExchangeServer(Transporters.bind(url, new DecodeHandler(new HeaderExchangeHandler(handler))));
    }
    //org.apache.dubbo.remoting.exchange.support.header.HeaderExchangeServer#HeaderExchangeServer
    public HeaderExchangeServer(RemotingServer server) {
        Assert.notNull(server, "server == null");
        this.server = server;
        //执行到此处
        startIdleCheckTask(getUrl());
    }

    private void startIdleCheckTask(URL url) {
        if (!server.canHandleIdle()) {
            AbstractTimerTask.ChannelProvider cp = () -> unmodifiableCollection(HeaderExchangeServer.this.getChannels());
            //获取一个超时时间,默认为3分钟
            int idleTimeout = getIdleTimeout(url);
            //因为重试3次,所以此处获取获取心跳时间间隔,所以默认为1分钟
            long idleTimeoutTick = calculateLeastDuration(idleTimeout);
            CloseTimerTask closeTimerTask = new CloseTimerTask(cp, idleTimeoutTick, idleTimeout);

            //创建一个定时任务,每分钟获取下心跳,如果超过3分钟没有心跳 则服务重启
            this.closeTimer = IDLE_CHECK_TIMER.get().newTimeout(closeTimerTask, idleTimeoutTick, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
        }
    }

标签:dubbo,服务,url,bind,暴露,剖析,URL,KEY,new
来源: https://blog.csdn.net/qq_36364521/article/details/122354164

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