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VBA制作坐标图

2021-06-08 23:06:06  阅读:132  来源: 互联网

标签:VBA Name 刻度 Shapes ActiveDocument 坐标 制作 shp3 shp2


VBA制作坐标图

word、ppt经常要制作图形,例如坐标图,有许多纵横线,有时需要批量制作,手工极不方便,线间距也不好调节,还有设置网格线的粗细、箭头、颜色等等,这时用VBA就可以发挥优势。
一、要求:
每间隔5格主刻度线加粗显示,组合成一个图;次刻度线较细,组合成一个图。便于批量设置主刻度和次刻度的格式。各条线间距相等
7*7坐标
4个组合图形构成坐标图

主刻度
主刻度线组合成一个
次刻度
次刻度线组合成一个
二、程序

Sub coordinate()
 Dim shp1 As Shape, shp2() As Shape, shp3() As Shape
 j = 1
 k = 1
 ReDim shp2(1 To 1)
 ReDim shp3(1 To 1)
 For i = 1 To 36
  Set shp1 = addln(100 + 5 * (i - 1), 100, 100 + 5 * (i - 1), 275)
  If (i - 1) Mod 5 = 0 Then
    shp1.Name = "shp" & "i" & i
    Set shp2(j) = ActiveDocument.Shapes("shp" & "i" & i)
    With shp2(j)
     .Line.Weight = 1
    End With
    j = j + 1
    ReDim Preserve shp2(1 To j)
  Else
    shp1.Name = "shp" & "k" & i
    Set shp3(k) = ActiveDocument.Shapes("shp" & "k" & i)
    k = k + 1
    ReDim Preserve shp3(1 To k)
    End If
 Next
For i = LBound(shp2) To UBound(shp2) - 1
  ActiveDocument.Shapes.Range(Array(shp2(i).Name)).Select (msoFalse)
Next
Selection.ShapeRange.Group
For i = LBound(shp3) To UBound(shp3) - 1
  ActiveDocument.Shapes.Range(Array(shp3(i).Name)).Select (msoFalse)
Next
Selection.ShapeRange.Group
 j = 1
 k = 1
 ReDim shp2(1 To 1)
 ReDim shp3(1 To 1)
For i = 1 To 36
  Set shp1 = addln(100, 100 + 5 * (i - 1), 275, 100 + 5 * (i - 1))
  If (i - 1) Mod 5 = 0 Then
    shp1.Name = "shp" & "i2" & i
    Set shp2(j) = ActiveDocument.Shapes("shp" & "i2" & i)
    With shp2(j)
      .Line.Weight = 1
    End With
    j = j + 1
    ReDim Preserve shp2(1 To j)
  Else
    shp1.Name = "shp" & "k2" & i
    Set shp3(k) = ActiveDocument.Shapes("shp" & "k2" & i)
    k = k + 1
    ReDim Preserve shp3(1 To k)
  End If
 Next
For i = LBound(shp2) To UBound(shp2) - 1
  ActiveDocument.Shapes.Range(Array(shp2(i).Name)).Select (msoFalse)
Next
Selection.ShapeRange.Group
For i = LBound(shp3) To UBound(shp3) - 1
  ActiveDocument.Shapes.Range(Array(shp3(i).Name)).Select (msoFalse)
Next
Selection.ShapeRange.Group
End Sub
Function addline(x1, y1, x2, y2)
    Dim arrPoint(1 To 2, 1 To 2) As Single
    Set addln = ActiveDocument.Shapes.addline(x1, y1, x2, y2)
    With addln.Line
      .ForeColor.RGB = RGB(0, 0, 0)
      .Weight = 0.5
    End With
End Function

三、关键点
将所画直线编号并加上name属性,用可变数组存储,ActiveDocument.Shapes.Range(Array(shp2(i).Name)).Select (msoFalse)可以批量选择主刻度和次刻度线,不加“msoFalse”是无法多重选择的。
Selection.ShapeRange.Group组合所选直线,这样主刻度和次刻度都是组合图形,只要点一下鼠标就可以选中全部线条并编辑格式,直线再多也没有压力。

标签:VBA,Name,刻度,Shapes,ActiveDocument,坐标,制作,shp3,shp2
来源: https://blog.csdn.net/zhl555666/article/details/117717504

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