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LinuxC应用开发学习笔记(十六)--Socket套接字

2022-01-15 09:05:30  阅读:19  来源: 互联网

标签:raddr Socket -- int exit 接字 include sin sd


网络套接字socket

基本功:两门语言,一门脚本语言。使用拿来主义先实现功能。

讨论:跨主机的传输需要注意的问题。
1、字节序问题:大端存储:低地址处放高字节
小端存储:X86 低地址处放低字节
0x00 00 00 05
大 05 00 00 00
小 00 00 00 05
区分主机字节序和网络字节序:
主机字节序:host
网络字节序:network
解决办法:to _s: htons ,htonl, ntohs,ntohl
2 对齐:
struct
{
int i;
float;
char ch;
} #占用12字节。
解决办法是不对齐。

3 类型长度问题:
int
char
解决:int32_t , uint32_t , int64_t , int8_t , uint8_t
4 socket 是什么?
在协议层和传输方式中间的介质。
SOCK_STREAM 有序的 可靠的(只要能接收到包,一定能保证数据是正确的) 双工的 基于连接的(点对点,一对一,每个人专用的) 字节流传输()。
SOCK_DGRAM 分组为单位,无连接的,不可靠的,和流式相反。
SOKC_SEQPACKET 安全、可靠、双工、基于连接、有序可靠的报式传输。

报式套接字:
程序猿能不能完成网络程序,看程序猿能不能完成报式套接字。
被动端(先运行):
1、取得SOCKET
2、给SOCKET取得地址
3、收/发消息
4、关闭SOCKET
主动端:
1、取得SOCKET
2、给SOCKET取得地址(可以省略)
3、收/发消息
4、关闭SOCKET
不同的协议族绑定的地址的结构体是不一样的。
socket();
bind();
sendto();
rcvfrom();
inet_pton();
inet_ntop();
setsockopt(int scokfd,int level,int optname,void *optval,socklen_t optlen);
getsockopt();

报式套接字基本实现

头文件.h

#ifndef PROTO_H__
#define PROTO_H__

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#define RCVPORT "1989"

#define NAMESIZE 11


struct msg_st
{
    u_int8_t  name[NAMESIZE];
    u_int32_t math;
    u_int32_t chinese;

};//字节不对齐
//__attribute_((packed));
#pragma pack()



#endif

发送.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "proto.h"

int main(int argc,char **argv)
{
    int sd;

    struct msg_st sendbuf;

    //远端地址,不是本端地址,是发送给谁
    struct sockaddr_in raddr;

    if (argc < 2)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"Usage...\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    


    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1);
    }
    

//    bind();

    strcpy(sendbuf.name,"xiaohong");
    sendbuf.chinese = htonl(rand()%100);
    sendbuf.math = htonl(rand()%100); 

    raddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    raddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(RCVPORT));
    inet_pton(AF_INET,argv[1],&raddr.sin_addr);

    if(sendto(sd,&sendbuf,sizeof(sendbuf),0,(void *)&raddr,sizeof(raddr)) < 0)
    {
        perror("sendto()");
        exit(1);
    }

    puts("ok!");

    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}

接收.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "proto.h"

#define IPSTRSIZE 40 

int main()
{
    //APV4 默认支持报式套接字来实现,写0,相当于IPPRPOTO_UDP 
    int sd;

    struct sockaddr_in laddr,raddr;

    struct msg_st rcvbuf;

    socklen_t raddr_len;

    char ipstr[IPSTRSIZE];
    

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    laddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    //主机转网络,2个字节
    laddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(RCVPORT));


    //网络IP地址转换成大整数
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&laddr.sin_addr);

    if (bind(sd,(void *)&laddr,sizeof(laddr)) < 0)
    {
        perror("bind()");
        exit(1);
    }


    /*!!!!!!重要*/
    raddr_len = sizeof(raddr);

    while (1)
    {
        recvfrom(sd,&rcvbuf,sizeof(rcvbuf),0,(void *)&raddr,&raddr_len);
                                                         //网络转主机,2个字节

        //大整数转换成点分式,argc 2 是 待转换的地址
        inet_ntop(AF_INET,&raddr.sin_addr,ipstr,IPSTRSIZE);

        printf("---MESSAGE FROM %s:%d---\n",ipstr,ntohs(raddr.sin_port));

        printf("NAME = %s \n",rcvbuf.name);

        printf("MATH = %d \n",ntohl(rcvbuf.math));

        printf("CHINESE = %d \n",ntohl(rcvbuf.chinese));


        
    }
    

    

    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}

改进版本-发送.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "proto.h"

int main(int argc,char **argv)
{
    int sd,size;

    struct msg_st *sendbufp;

    //远端地址,不是本端地址,是发送给谁
    struct sockaddr_in raddr;

    if (argc < 3)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"Usage...\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    if (strlen(argv[2])>NAMEMAX)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"Name is too long!\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    size = sizeof(struct msg_st) + strlen(argv[2]);  
    sendbufp = malloc(size);
    if (sendbufp == NULL)
    {
        perror("malloc()");
        exit(1);
    }
    

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1);
    }
    

    strcpy(sendbufp->name,argv[2]);
    sendbufp->chinese = htonl(rand()%100);
    sendbufp->math = htonl(rand()%100); 

    raddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    raddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(RCVPORT));
    inet_pton(AF_INET,argv[1],&raddr.sin_addr);

    if(sendto(sd,sendbufp,size,0,(void *)&raddr,sizeof(raddr)) < 0)
    {
        perror("sendto()");
        exit(1);
    }

    puts("ok!");

    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}

改进版本-接收.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "proto.h"

#define IPSTRSIZE 40 

int main()
{
    //APV4 默认支持报式套接字来实现,写0,相当于IPPRPOTO_UDP 
    int sd,size;

    struct sockaddr_in laddr,raddr;

    struct msg_st *rcvbufp;

    socklen_t raddr_len;

    char ipstr[IPSTRSIZE];
    
    size = sizeof(struct msg_st) + NAMEMAX -1;  
    rcvbufp = malloc(size);
    if (rcvbufp == NULL)
    {
        perror("malloc()");
        exit(1);
    }

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    laddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    //主机转网络,2个字节
    laddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(RCVPORT));


    //网络IP地址转换成大整数
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&laddr.sin_addr);

    if (bind(sd,(void *)&laddr,sizeof(laddr)) < 0)
    {
        perror("bind()");
        exit(1);
    }


    /*!!!!!!重要*/
    raddr_len = sizeof(raddr);

    while (1)
    {
        recvfrom(sd,rcvbufp,size,0,(void *)&raddr,&raddr_len);
                                                         //网络转主机,2个字节

        //大整数转换成点分式,argc 2 是 待转换的地址
        inet_ntop(AF_INET,&raddr.sin_addr,ipstr,IPSTRSIZE);

        printf("---MESSAGE FROM %s:%d---\n",ipstr,ntohs(raddr.sin_port));

        printf("NAME = %s \n",rcvbufp->name);

        printf("MATH = %d \n",ntohl(rcvbufp->math));

        printf("CHINESE = %d \n",ntohl(rcvbufp->chinese));
 
    }

    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}
多点通讯(广播(全网广播、子网广播)、多播/组播):

广播.h

#ifndef PROTO_H__
#define PROTO_H__

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#define MTGROUP "224.2.2.2" 

#define RCVPORT "1989"

#define NAMESIZE 11


struct msg_st
{
    u_int8_t  name[NAMESIZE];
    u_int32_t math;
    u_int32_t chinese;

};//字节不对齐
//__attribute_((packed));
#pragma pack()



#endif

广播接收.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <net/if.h> 
#include "proto.h"

#define IPSTRSIZE 40 

int main()
{
    //APV4 默认支持报式套接字来实现,写0,相当于IPPRPOTO_UDP 
    int sd;

    struct sockaddr_in laddr,raddr;

    struct msg_st rcvbuf;

    socklen_t raddr_len;

    char ipstr[IPSTRSIZE];
    
    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1);
    }

    
    struct ip_mreqn mreq;

    inet_pton(AF_INET,MTGROUP,&mreq.imr_multiaddr);
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&mreq.imr_address);
    mreq.imr_ifindex = if_nametoindex("eth0");

    if (setsockopt(sd,IPPROTO_IP,IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP,&mreq,sizeof(mreq))<0)
    {
        perror("setsockopt()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    laddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    //主机转网络,2个字节
    laddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(RCVPORT));

    //网络IP地址转换成大整数
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&laddr.sin_addr);

    if (bind(sd,(void *)&laddr,sizeof(laddr)) < 0)
    {
        perror("bind()");
        exit(1);
    }

    /*!!!!!!重要*/
    raddr_len = sizeof(raddr);

    while (1)
    {
        recvfrom(sd,&rcvbuf,sizeof(rcvbuf),0,(void *)&raddr,&raddr_len);
                                                         //网络转主机,2个字节
        //大整数转换成点分式,argc 2 是 待转换的地址
        inet_ntop(AF_INET,&raddr.sin_addr,ipstr,IPSTRSIZE);

        printf("---MESSAGE FROM %s:%d---\n",ipstr,ntohs(raddr.sin_port));

        printf("NAME = %s \n",rcvbuf.name);

        printf("MATH = %d \n",ntohl(rcvbuf.math));

        printf("CHINESE = %d \n",ntohl(rcvbuf.chinese));
     
    }

    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}

广播发送.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h>
#include <net/if.h> 
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "proto.h"

int main(int argc,char **argv)
{
    int sd;

    struct msg_st sendbuf;

    struct ip_mreqn mreq;

    //远端地址,不是本端地址,是发送给谁
    struct sockaddr_in raddr;

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    
    //设置为多播模式,对当前socket属性做了一个更改

    
    
    inet_pton(AF_INET,MTGROUP,&mreq.imr_multiaddr);
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&mreq.imr_address);
    mreq.imr_ifindex = if_nametoindex("eth0");

    if(setsockopt(sd,IPPROTO_IP,IP_MULTICAST_IF,&mreq,sizeof(mreq)) < 0)
    {
        perror("setsockopt()");
        exit(1);
    }

    strcpy(sendbuf.name,"xiaohong");
    sendbuf.chinese = htonl(rand()%100);
    sendbuf.math = htonl(rand()%100); 

    raddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    raddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(RCVPORT));
    inet_pton(AF_INET,MTGROUP,&raddr.sin_addr);

    if(sendto(sd,&sendbuf,sizeof(sendbuf),0,(void *)&raddr,sizeof(raddr)) < 0)
    {
        perror("sendto()");
        exit(1);
    }

    puts("ok!");

    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}

组播的实现

组播发送.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h>
#include <net/if.h> 
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "proto.h"

int main(int argc,char **argv)
{
    int sd;

    struct msg_st sendbuf;

    struct ip_mreqn mreq;

    //远端地址,不是本端地址,是发送给谁
    struct sockaddr_in raddr;

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    
    //设置为多播模式,对当前socket属性做了一个更改

    
    
    inet_pton(AF_INET,MTGROUP,&mreq.imr_multiaddr);
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&mreq.imr_address);
    mreq.imr_ifindex = if_nametoindex("eth0");

    if(setsockopt(sd,IPPROTO_IP,IP_MULTICAST_IF,&mreq,sizeof(mreq)) < 0)
    {
        perror("setsockopt()");
        exit(1);
    }

    strcpy(sendbuf.name,"xiaohong");
    sendbuf.chinese = htonl(rand()%100);
    sendbuf.math = htonl(rand()%100); 

    raddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    raddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(RCVPORT));
    inet_pton(AF_INET,MTGROUP,&raddr.sin_addr);

    if(sendto(sd,&sendbuf,sizeof(sendbuf),0,(void *)&raddr,sizeof(raddr)) < 0)
    {
        perror("sendto()");
        exit(1);
    }

    puts("ok!");

    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}

组播接收.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <net/if.h> 
#include "proto.h"

#define IPSTRSIZE 40 

int main()
{
    //APV4 默认支持报式套接字来实现,写0,相当于IPPRPOTO_UDP 
    int sd;

    struct sockaddr_in laddr,raddr;

    struct msg_st rcvbuf;

    socklen_t raddr_len;

    char ipstr[IPSTRSIZE];
    
    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1);
    }

    
    struct ip_mreqn mreq;

    inet_pton(AF_INET,MTGROUP,&mreq.imr_multiaddr);
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&mreq.imr_address);
    mreq.imr_ifindex = if_nametoindex("eth0");

    if (setsockopt(sd,IPPROTO_IP,IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP,&mreq,sizeof(mreq))<0)
    {
        perror("setsockopt()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    laddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    //主机转网络,2个字节
    laddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(RCVPORT));

    //网络IP地址转换成大整数
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&laddr.sin_addr);

    if (bind(sd,(void *)&laddr,sizeof(laddr)) < 0)
    {
        perror("bind()");
        exit(1);
    }

    /*!!!!!!重要*/
    raddr_len = sizeof(raddr);

    while (1)
    {
        recvfrom(sd,&rcvbuf,sizeof(rcvbuf),0,(void *)&raddr,&raddr_len);
                                                         //网络转主机,2个字节
        //大整数转换成点分式,argc 2 是 待转换的地址
        inet_ntop(AF_INET,&raddr.sin_addr,ipstr,IPSTRSIZE);

        printf("---MESSAGE FROM %s:%d---\n",ipstr,ntohs(raddr.sin_port));

        printf("NAME = %s \n",rcvbuf.name);

        printf("MATH = %d \n",ntohl(rcvbuf.math));

        printf("CHINESE = %d \n",ntohl(rcvbuf.chinese));
     
    }

    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}

流式套接字

流式套接字基础版

客户端
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>        
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h> /* superset of previous */
#include "proto.h"

int main(int argc,char**argv)
{
    int sd;

    struct sockaddr_in raddr;

    long long stamp;

    FILE * fp;

    if (argc < 2)
    {   
        fprintf(stderr,"Usage...\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0/*默认IPPROTO_TCP,IPPRORO_SCTP*/);    //套接字
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1); 
    }
    //bind();

    raddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    raddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(SERVERPORT));//点分式转换成大整数
    inet_pton(AF_INET,argv[1],&raddr.sin_addr);
    //连接成功
    if (connect(sd,(void*)&raddr,sizeof(raddr))<0)
    {
        perror("connect()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    //文件系统精髓
    fp = fdopen(sd,"r+");
    if (fp == NULL)
    {
        perror("fdopen()");
        exit(1);
    }

    if (fscanf(fp,FMT_STAMP,&stamp)<1)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"Bad format!\n");
    }
    else
    {
        fprintf(stdout,"stamp = %lld\n",stamp);
    }
   
    fclose(fp);
    //rcve();
    //close();

    exit(0);
}
服务器端
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>        
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h> 
#include "proto.h"

#define  IPSTRSIZE 40 

#define  BUFSIZE   1024 


/*每次有人和我正常连接我做的事情,是把当前返回打时戳发送出去*/
static void server_job(int sd)
{
    char buf[BUFSIZE];
    int len;
     
    len =  sprintf(buf,FMT_STAMP,(long long)time(NULL)) ;
    
    if (send(sd,buf,len,0)<0)//发送
    {
        perror("send()");
        exit(1);
    }

}

int main()
{
   
    int sd,newsd;

    char ipstr[IPSTRSIZE];

    socklen_t raddr_len;

    struct sockaddr_in localaddr,rmaddr;


    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0/*默认IPPROTO_TCP,IPPRORO_SCTP*/);    //套接字
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1); 
    }



    int val = 1;
    /*为了解决随时可以使用用过的地址*/
    if(setsockopt(sd, SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,&val,sizeof(val))<0)
    {
        perror("setsockopt()");
        exit(1);
    }

    localaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;//协议族
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&localaddr.sin_addr);//指定的IP地址转换成大整数,存放在localaddr.sin_addr
    localaddr.sin_port   = htons(atoi(SERVERPORT));//端口
    //绑定我端的端口和我端的IP
    if (bind(sd,(void*)&localaddr,sizeof(localaddr)) < 0) //连接
    {
        perror("bind()");
        exit(1);
    }
    

    if(listen(sd,200)<0)     //监听,第二个参数是全连接队列的大小
    {
        perror("listen()");
        exit(1);
    }

    raddr_len = sizeof(rmaddr);

    while (1)
    {   
        //防止前功尽弃,使用newsd
        newsd = accept(sd,(void *)&rmaddr,&raddr_len);
        if(newsd<0)   //接受连接
        {
            perror("accept()");
            exit(1);
        }

        inet_ntop(AF_INET,&rmaddr.sin_addr,ipstr,IPSTRSIZE);//将大整数转换成点串,存放在ipstr中 

                                        /*网上接收来的数据进行转换*/
        printf("Client: %s :%d\n",ipstr,ntohs(rmaddr.sin_port));

        server_job(newsd);

        close(newsd);
    }
    
    //一定执行不到。。。
    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}
协议端
#ifndef  __PROTO_H__
#define  __PROTO_H__

#define SERVERPORT "1989"

#define FMT_STAMP "%lld\n"  //发出时戳的格式 



#endif 

流式套接字增强版

客户端
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>        
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h> /* superset of previous */
#include "proto.h"

int main(int argc,char**argv)
{
    int sd;

    struct sockaddr_in raddr;

    long long stamp;

    FILE * fp;

    if (argc < 2)
    {   
        fprintf(stderr,"Usage...\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0/*默认IPPROTO_TCP,IPPRORO_SCTP*/);    //套接字
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1); 
    }
    //bind();

    raddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    raddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(SERVERPORT));//点分式转换成大整数
    inet_pton(AF_INET,argv[1],&raddr.sin_addr);
    //连接成功
    if (connect(sd,(void*)&raddr,sizeof(raddr))<0)
    {
        perror("connect()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    //文件系统精髓
    fp = fdopen(sd,"r+");
    if (fp == NULL)
    {
        perror("fdopen()");
        exit(1);
    }

    if (fscanf(fp,FMT_STAMP,&stamp)<1)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"Bad format!\n");
    }
    else
    {
        fprintf(stdout,"stamp = %lld\n",stamp);
    }
   
    fclose(fp);
    //rcve();
    //close();

    exit(0);
}
服务器端
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>        
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h> 
#include "proto.h"

#define  IPSTRSIZE 40 

#define  BUFSIZE   1024 


/*每次有人和我正常连接我做的事情,是把当前返回打时戳发送出去*/
static void server_job(int sd)
{
    char buf[BUFSIZE];
    int len;
     
    len =  sprintf(buf,FMT_STAMP,(long long)time(NULL)) ;
    
    if (send(sd,buf,len,0)<0)//发送
    {
        perror("send()");
        exit(1);
    }

}

int main()
{
   
    int sd,newsd;

    pid_t pid;

    char ipstr[IPSTRSIZE];

    socklen_t raddr_len;

    struct sockaddr_in localaddr,rmaddr;


    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0/*默认IPPROTO_TCP,IPPRORO_SCTP*/);    //套接字
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1); 
    }



    int val = 1;
    /*为了解决随时可以使用用过的地址*/
    if(setsockopt(sd, SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,&val,sizeof(val))<0)
    {
        perror("setsockopt()");
        exit(1);
    }

    localaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;//协议族
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&localaddr.sin_addr);//指定的IP地址转换成大整数,存放在localaddr.sin_addr
    localaddr.sin_port   = htons(atoi(SERVERPORT));//端口
    //绑定我端的端口和我端的IP
    if (bind(sd,(void*)&localaddr,sizeof(localaddr)) < 0) //连接
    {
        perror("bind()");
        exit(1);
    }
    

    if(listen(sd,200)<0)     //监听,第二个参数是全连接队列的大小
    {
        perror("listen()");
        exit(1);
    }

    raddr_len = sizeof(rmaddr);

    while (1)
    {   
        //防止前功尽弃,使用newsd
        newsd = accept(sd,(void *)&rmaddr,&raddr_len);
        if(newsd<0)   //接受连接
        {
            perror("accept()");
            exit(1);
        }

        //父进程accept给子进程
        pid = fork();
        if (pid<0)
        {
            perror("fork()");
            exit(1);
        }
        if (pid == 0)  //子进程干活
        {

            //子进程只用newsd 不用sd
            close(sd);

            inet_ntop(AF_INET,&rmaddr.sin_addr,ipstr,IPSTRSIZE);//将大整数转换成点串,存放在ipstr中 

                                /*网上接收来的数据进行转换*/
            printf("Client: %s :%d\n",ipstr,ntohs(rmaddr.sin_port));

            server_job(newsd);

            close(newsd);
        
            exit(0);        //干完活跑路
        }
            //父进程只用sd 不用newsd
            close(newsd);
    }
    
    //一定执行不到。。。
    close(sd);

    exit(0);
}
协议端
#ifndef  __PROTO_H__
#define  __PROTO_H__

#define SERVERPORT "1989"

#define FMT_STAMP "%lld\n"  //发出时戳的格式 



#endif 

静态进程池

客户端
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>        
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h> /* superset of previous */
#include "proto.h"

int main(int argc,char**argv)
{
    int sd;

    struct sockaddr_in raddr;

    long long stamp;

    FILE * fp;

    if (argc < 2)
    {   
        fprintf(stderr,"Usage...\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0/*默认IPPROTO_TCP,IPPRORO_SCTP*/);    //套接字
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1); 
    }
    //bind();

    raddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    raddr.sin_port = htons(atoi(SERVERPORT));//点分式转换成大整数
    inet_pton(AF_INET,argv[1],&raddr.sin_addr);
    //连接成功
    if (connect(sd,(void*)&raddr,sizeof(raddr))<0)
    {
        perror("connect()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    //文件系统精髓
    fp = fdopen(sd,"r+");
    if (fp == NULL)
    {
        perror("fdopen()");
        exit(1);
    }

    if (fscanf(fp,FMT_STAMP,&stamp)<1)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"Bad format!\n");
    }
    else
    {
        fprintf(stdout,"stamp = %lld\n",stamp);
    }
   
    fclose(fp);
    //rcve();
    //close();

    exit(0);
}
服务器端
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>        
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h> 
#include "proto.h"

#define  IPSTRSIZE 40 

#define  BUFSIZE   1024 

#define  PROCNUM   4 


static void server_loop(int sd);

/*每次有人和我正常连接我做的事情,是把当前返回打时戳发送出去*/
static void server_job(int sd)
{
    char buf[BUFSIZE];
    int len;
     
    len =  sprintf(buf,FMT_STAMP,(long long)time(NULL)) ;
    
    if (send(sd,buf,len,0)<0)//发送
    {
        perror("send()");
        exit(1);
    }

}



int main()
{ 
    int sd,i;

    struct sockaddr_in localaddr;

    pid_t pid;

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0/*默认IPPROTO_TCP,IPPRORO_SCTP*/);    //套接字
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1); 
    }

    int val = 1;
    /*为了解决随时可以使用用过的地址*/
    if(setsockopt(sd, SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,&val,sizeof(val))<0)
    {
        perror("setsockopt()");
        exit(1);
    }

    localaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;//协议族
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&localaddr.sin_addr);//指定的IP地址转换成大整数,存放在localaddr.sin_addr
    localaddr.sin_port   = htons(atoi(SERVERPORT));//端口
    //绑定我端的端口和我端的IP
    if (bind(sd,(void*)&localaddr,sizeof(localaddr)) < 0) //连接
    {
        perror("bind()");
        exit(1);
    }
    

    if(listen(sd,200)<0)     //监听,第二个参数是全连接队列的大小
    {
        perror("listen()");
        exit(1);
    }


    for (i = 0; i < PROCNUM; i++)
    {
        pid = fork();
        if (pid<0)
        {
            perror("fork()");
            exit(1);
        }

        if (pid == 0)
        {
            server_loop(sd);//子进程永远干活
            exit(0);
        }
        for (i = 0; i < PROCNUM; i++)
        {
        wait(NULL);
        }
        close(sd);

        exit(0);
    
    }

}   





static void server_loop(int sd)
{
    socklen_t raddr_len;

    struct sockaddr_in localaddr,rmaddr;

    int newsd;

    char ipstr[IPSTRSIZE];

    raddr_len = sizeof(rmaddr);

    while (1)
    {   
        //防止前功尽弃,使用newsd
        newsd = accept(sd,(void *)&rmaddr,&raddr_len);
        if(newsd<0)   //接受连接
        {
            perror("accept()");
            exit(1);
        }

        inet_ntop(AF_INET,&rmaddr.sin_addr,ipstr,IPSTRSIZE);//将大整数转换成点串,存放在ipstr中 

                                        /*网上接收来的数据进行转换*/
        printf("[%d] Client: %s :%d\n",getpid(),ipstr,ntohs(rmaddr.sin_port));

        server_job(newsd);

        close(newsd);
    } 
    //一定执行不到。。。
    close(sd);
}
协议端
#ifndef  __PROTO_H__
#define  __PROTO_H__

#define SERVERPORT "1989"

#define FMT_STAMP "%ld\n"  //发出时戳的格式 

#endif 

动态进程池

与静态线程池差别仅仅在服务器端

服务器端(难点*****)
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include "proto.h"


//最小的空闲个数
#define MINSPARESERVER 5
#define MAXSPARESERVER 10
#define MAXCLIENTS     20  

#define SIG_NOTIFY     SIGUSR2  //预留出来的定义行为的信号    

#define  LINEBUFSIZE 80 

#define  IPSTRSIZE 40 

#define  BUFSIZE   1024 

enum 
{
    STATE_IDEL = 0,
    STATE_BUSY   
};

struct sever_st
{
    pid_t pid;
    int state;
    //int reuse;
};

//定义动态线程池,存放在堆上
static struct sever_st *serverpool;

static int idle_count = 0,busy_count = 0;

static int sd;

static void server_job(int pos)
{
    int ppid,client_sd,len;

    time_t stamp;

    char linebuf[LINEBUFSIZE];
    
    char ipstr[IPSTRSIZE];

    ppid =  getppid();

    socklen_t raddr_len;

    struct sockaddr_in raddr;

    while (1)
    {

        serverpool[pos].state = STATE_IDEL;

        kill(ppid,SIG_NOTIFY);  //通知父进程看一眼
        
        client_sd = accept(sd,(void *)&raddr,&raddr_len);

        if (client_sd<0)
        {
            if (errno != EINTR || errno != EAGAIN)
            {
                perror("accept()");
                exit(1);
            }  
        }

        //设置当前状态为忙态
        serverpool[pos].state = STATE_BUSY;

        kill(ppid,SIG_NOTIFY);  //通知父进程看

        //inet_ntop(AF_INET,&raddr.sin_addr,ipstr,IPSTRSIZE);

        //测试程序
        //printf("[%d]client:%s:%d",getpid(),ipstr,ntohs(raddr.sin_port));

        stamp = time(NULL);
        //写入到字符串中
        len = snprintf(linebuf,LINEBUFSIZE,FMT_STAMP,stamp);

        send(client_sd,linebuf,len,0);
        /* if error */
        
        sleep(3);

        close(client_sd);  
    }
}




//工作代码
static int add_1_server(void)
{
    int slot;

    pid_t pid;
    //到达最大值
    if (idle_count + busy_count >= MAXCLIENTS)
        return -1;

    for (slot = 0; slot < MAXCLIENTS; slot++)
        if (serverpool[slot].pid == -1)
            break;

    serverpool[slot].state = STATE_IDEL;

    pid = fork();
    if (pid<0)
    {
        perror("fork()");
        exit(1);
    }

    if (pid == 0)
    {
        server_job(slot);//子进程永远干活
        exit(0);
    }
    else
    {
        serverpool[slot].pid = pid;
        idle_count ++;
    }
    return 0;
}





static int del_1_server(void)
{
    int i;
    if (idle_count == 0)
        return -1;

    for ( i = 0; i < MAXCLIENTS; i++)
    {
        if (serverpool[i].pid != -1 && serverpool[i].state == STATE_IDEL)
        {
            kill(serverpool[i].pid,SIGTERM);//杀掉进程
            serverpool[i].pid = -1;
            idle_count --;
            break;
        }   
    }
    return 0;
}


static void usr2_handlers(int s)
{
    return;
}

//遍历状态池
static int scanf_pool(void)
{
    int i,busy = 0,idle = 0;
    for ( i = 0; i < MAXCLIENTS; i++)
    {
        if (serverpool[i].pid == -1)
            continue;
        if (kill(serverpool[i].pid,0))//检测serverpool的i空间 pid是否存在
        {
            serverpool[i].pid = -1;
            continue;
        }

        if (serverpool[i].pid == STATE_IDEL)//检测serverpol的i空间 pid是否存在
        {
            idle++;
        }
        else if (serverpool[i].pid == STATE_BUSY)
        {
            busy++;
        }
            else
            {
                fprintf(stderr,"Unknown statae.\n");
                //_exit(1);
                abort();
            }
    }
    
    idle_count = idle;

    busy_count = busy;
    
    return 0;
}





int main()
{ 
    int sd,i,len,val = 1;

    struct sockaddr_in localaddr;

    pid_t pid;

    struct sigaction sa,osa;

    sigset_t set,oset;

    //让子进程自行消亡,
    sa.sa_handler = SIG_IGN;//父进程阻塞去收尸,是这个信号去通知的,所以先把它忽略掉,防止父进程收尸
    sigemptyset(&sa.sa_mask);//没有信号同用一个信号处理函数
    sa.sa_flags = SA_NOCLDWAIT; //阻止子进程变成僵尸状态,免去收僵尸的困扰
    sigaction(SIGCHLD,&sa,&osa);//对一个信号来做一个行为的指定,把之前的行为放到osa中。


    sa.sa_handler = usr2_handlers;
    sigemptyset(&sa.sa_mask);
    sa.sa_flags = 0;
    sigaction(SIG_NOTIFY,&sa,&osa);

    //阻塞信号
    sigemptyset(&set);//集合清成空集
    sigaddset(&set,SIG_NOTIFY);
    //把set阻塞住,别的状态保存在oset中
    sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK,&set,&oset);


    //自动分配空间,读写,共享,匿名映射, 也就相当于malloc
    serverpool = mmap(NULL,sizeof(struct sever_st)*MAXCLIENTS,PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,MAP_SHARED|MAP_ANONYMOUS,-1,0);
    if (serverpool == MAP_FAILED)
    {
        perror("mmap()");
        exit(1);
    }

    //初始化
    for (int i = 0; i < MAXCLIENTS; i++)
    {
        serverpool[i].pid = -1;
    }

    sd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0/*默认支持流式套接字IPPROTO_TCP,IPPRORO_SCTP*/);    //套接字
    if (sd<0)
    {
        perror("socket()");
        exit(1); 
    }
  
    /*为了解决随时可以使用用过的地址*/
    if(setsockopt(sd, SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,&val,sizeof(val))<0)
    {
        perror("setsockopt()");
        exit(1);
    }

    int val = 1;
    /*为了解决随时可以使用用过的地址*/
    if(setsockopt(sd, SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,&val,sizeof(val))<0)
    {
        perror("setsockopt()");
        exit(1);
    }

    localaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;//协议族
    inet_pton(AF_INET,"0.0.0.0",&localaddr.sin_addr);//指定的IP地址(点分式)转换成大整数,存放在localaddr.sin_addr
    localaddr.sin_port   = htons(atoi(SERVERPORT));//端口
    //绑定我端的端口和我端的IP
    if (bind(sd,(void*)&localaddr,sizeof(localaddr)) < 0) //连接
    {
        perror("bind()");
        exit(1);
    }
    
    if(listen(sd,100)<0)     //监听,第二个参数是全连接队列的大小
    {
        perror("listen()");
        exit(1);
    }

    for (i = 0; i < MINSPARESERVER; i++)
    {
        add_1_server();
    }
    

   
    while (1)
    {
        sigsuspend(&oset);//信号驱动程序

        scanf_pool();

        //control the pool;

        if (idle_count > MAXSPARESERVER)
        {
            for (i = 0; i < (idle_count - MAXSPARESERVER); i++)
                del_1_server();//一次减少一个sever端口
        }
        else if(idle_count<MINSPARESERVER)
        {
            for (i = 0; i < (MINSPARESERVER - idle_count); i++)
                add_1_server();//一次增加一个sever端口    
        }
        


        //printf the pool
        for ( i = 0; i < MAXCLIENTS; i++)
        {
            if (serverpool[i].pid == -1)
            {
                putchar(' ');
            }
            else if(serverpool[i].state == STATE_IDEL)
            {
                putchar('.');
            }
            else
            {
                putchar('x');
            }
            putchar('\n');      
        }  
    }
    
    //恢复信号
    sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK,&oset,NULL);

}   


标签:raddr,Socket,--,int,exit,接字,include,sin,sd
来源: https://blog.csdn.net/m0_46152793/article/details/122449266

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