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CentOS下安装Docker

2021-11-22 23:00:48  阅读:231  来源: 互联网

标签:x86 CentOS el8 module runc 64 Docker 安装 docker


文章目录

1.安装要求

要安装 Docker Engine,需要 CentOS 7 或 8 的维护版本。不支持或测试存档版本。
必须启用 centos-extras 储存库。默认情况下启用此存储库,但如果您已禁用它,则需要重新启用它。
推荐使用overlay2存储驱动。(默认)

2.卸载老版本

旧版本的 Docker 被称为 docker 或 docker-engine。如果安装了这些,请卸载它们以及相关的依赖项。

sudo yum remove docker \
                  docker-client \
                  docker-client-latest \
                  docker-common \
                  docker-latest \
                  docker-latest-logrotate \
                  docker-logrotate \
                  docker-engine

3.安装方法

本文介绍一种方法(使用存储库安装),通过包安装参考 docker官网

在新主机上首次安装 Docker Engine 之前,需要设置 Docker 存储库。之后,可以从存储库安装和更新 Docker。

3.1 设置存储库

安装 yum-utils 包(提供 yum-config-manager 实用程序)并设置稳定存储库。

 sudo yum install -y yum-utils
 sudo yum-config-manager \
    --add-repo \
    https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo 
    :<<BLOCK
    官方源地址较慢,可以考虑使用阿里云或清华大学源
BLOCK
    :<<BLOCK
    阿里云
BLOCK
sudo yum-config-manager \
    --add-repo \
    http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
 	:<<BLOCK
 	清华源
BLOCK
sudo yum-config-manager \
    --add-repo \
    https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

3.2 安装 Docker Engine-Community

安装最新版本的 Docker Engine-Community 和 containerd

sudo yum install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

或安装特定版本,要安装特定版本的 Docker Engine-Community,请在存储库中列出可用版本,然后选择并安装:

  • 1、列出并排序您存储库中可用的版本。此示例按版本号(从高到低)对结果进行排序。
yum list docker-ce --showduplicates | sort -r

docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.9-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.8-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.7-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.6-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.5-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.4-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.3-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.2-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.1-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.11-3.el8                docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.10-3.el8                docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:20.10.0-3.el8                 docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:19.03.15-3.el8                docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:19.03.14-3.el8                docker-ce-stable
docker-ce.x86_64                3:19.03.13-3.el8                docker-ce-stable
Docker CE Stable - x86_64                       4.9 kB/s |  19 kB     00:03    
可安装的软件包
  • 2、通过其完整的软件包名称安装特定版本,该软件包名称是软件包名称(docker-ce)加上版本字符串(第二列),从第一个冒号(:)一直到第一个连字符,并用连字符(-)分隔。例如:docker-ce-20.10.9。
sudo yum install docker-ce-<VERSION_STRING> docker-ce-cli-<VERSION_STRING> containerd.io

3.3 启动Docker

sudo systemctl start docker

3.3.1 通过运行 hello-world 映像验证 Docker Engine 是否已正确安装。

sudo docker run hello-world

3.4 卸载 docker

3.4.1 卸载 Docker Engine、CLI 和 Containerd 包:

sudo yum remove docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

3.4.2 主机上的映像、容器、卷或自定义配置文件不会自动删除。删除所有镜像、容器和卷:

 sudo rm -rf /var/lib/docker
 sudo rm -rf /var/lib/containerd

4.CentOS 8中安装Docker出现和Podman冲突

了解Podman,请参考podman官网 https://podman.io/getting-started/

尝试在命令行中添加 ‘–allowerasing’ 来替换冲突的软件包 或 ‘–skip-broken’ 来跳过无法安装的软件包 或 ‘–nobest’ 来不只使用软件包的最佳候选,加上 --allowerasing 即可。

sudo yum install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io --allowerasing

错误如下:

[root@localhost ~]# sudo yum install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io
Docker CE Stable - x86_64                                                                                                     58 kB/s |  19 kB     00:00    
错误:
 问题 1: problem with installed package podman-3.0.1-6.module_el8.4.0+781+acf4c33b.x86_64
  - package podman-3.0.1-6.module_el8.4.0+781+acf4c33b.x86_64 requires runc >= 1.0.0-57, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package podman-3.3.1-9.module_el8.5.0+988+b1f0b741.x86_64 requires runc >= 1.0.0-57, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package containerd.io-1.4.12-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.12-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.12-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.12-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - cannot install the best candidate for the job
  - package runc-1.0.0-66.rc10.module_el8.5.0+1004+c00a74f5.x86_64 is filtered out by modular filtering
  - package runc-1.0.0-72.rc92.module_el8.5.0+1006+8d0e68a2.x86_64 is filtered out by modular filtering
 问题 2: problem with installed package buildah-1.19.7-1.module_el8.4.0+781+acf4c33b.x86_64
  - package buildah-1.19.7-1.module_el8.4.0+781+acf4c33b.x86_64 requires runc >= 1.0.0-26, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package buildah-1.22.3-2.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64 requires runc >= 1.0.0-26, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package docker-ce-3:20.10.11-3.el8.x86_64 requires containerd.io >= 1.4.1, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package containerd.io-1.4.10-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.10-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.11-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.11-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.12-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.12-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.3-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.3-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.3-3.2.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.3-3.2.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.4-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.4-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.6-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.6-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.8-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.8-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.9-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.9-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.2-1.module_el8.5.0+911+f19012f9.x86_64
  - cannot install the best candidate for the job
  - package containerd.io-1.4.10-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.10-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.11-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.11-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.12-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.12-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.3-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.3-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.3-3.2.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.3-3.2.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.4-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.4-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.6-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.6-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.8-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.8-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.9-3.1.el8.x86_64 conflicts with runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package containerd.io-1.4.9-3.1.el8.x86_64 obsoletes runc provided by runc-1.0.0-70.rc92.module_el8.4.0+673+eabfc99d.x86_64
  - package runc-1.0.0-56.rc5.dev.git2abd837.module_el8.3.0+569+1bada2e4.x86_64 is filtered out by modular filtering
  - package runc-1.0.0-66.rc10.module_el8.5.0+1004+c00a74f5.x86_64 is filtered out by modular filtering
  - package runc-1.0.0-72.rc92.module_el8.5.0+1006+8d0e68a2.x86_64 is filtered out by modular filtering
(尝试在命令行中添加 '--allowerasing' 来替换冲突的软件包 或 '--skip-broken' 来跳过无法安装的软件包 或 '--nobest' 来不只使用软件包的最佳候选)
  1. 查看是否安装 Podman
rpm -q podman
podman-1.4.2-5.module_el8.1.0+237+63e26edc.x86_64
  1. 删除Podman
dnf remove podman

标签:x86,CentOS,el8,module,runc,64,Docker,安装,docker
来源: https://blog.csdn.net/m0_45303174/article/details/121481319

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