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Oracle hang 之sqlplus -prelim使用方法

2021-04-08 11:02:47  阅读:11  来源: 互联网

标签:oradebug hang sqlplus processed Statement SQL Oracle prelim


第一章  Oracle hang 之sqlplus -prelim使用方法 

很多情况下,Oracle hang导致sqlplus无法连接,从而无法获得Oracle系统和进程状态,使得定位问题缺少强有力的依据。所幸的是Oracle 10g推出了sqlplus -prelim选项,在Oracle挂起时依然能使用sqlplus,从而能获得数据库状态。       
使用方法如下

引用

$ sqlplus -prelim "/as sysdba"       
     
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on Sun Mar 28 06:40:21 2010       
     
Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.

   
在prelim模式下,不可以查询数据字典,但可以关闭数据库

引用

SQL> select status from v$instance;       
select status from v$instance       
*       
ERROR at line 1:       
ORA-01012: not logged on

 

引用

SQL> shutdown abort       
ORACLE instance shut down.

   
但可以使用oradebug,但对于系统诊断,已经足够了       
dump系统状态

引用

SQL> oradebug setmypid                                                   
Statement processed.       
SQL> oradebug unlimit       
Statement processed.       
SQL> oradebug dump systemstate 266       
Statement processed.

   
或者dump hanganalyze

引用

SQL> oradebug  hanganalyze 3       
Hang Analysis in /oracle/app/oracle/admin/ora10g/udump/ora10g_ora_52642.trc

   
对于rac

引用

SQLPLUS> oradebug setmypid       
     
SQLPLUS>oradebug setinst all       
     
SQLPLUS>oradebug -g def hanganalyze 3

   
   
或者dump 进程状态

引用

SQL> oradebug dump processstate 10       
Statement processed.

   
   
进一步,如果有10g客户端,数据库是9i,依然可以用-prelim

引用

$ sqlplus -prelim /nolog       
     
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on Sun Mar 28 06:50:19 2010       
     
Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.       
     
SQL> conn sys/oracle@ora9i as sysdba       
Prelim connection established       
SQL>  oradebug setmypid       
Statement processed.       
SQL> oradebug unlimit       
Statement processed.       
SQL>  oradebug dump systemstate 266       
Statement processed.

 

There are two ways to connect to sqlplus using a preliminary connection.

1. sqlplus -prelim / as sysdba

2. sqlplus /nolog        
set _prelim on        
connect / as sysdba

 

1. While running system state dump with "-prelim" option:

sqlplus -prelim / as sysdba        
     
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.2.0 - Production on Mon Dec 11 17:28:14 2006        
     
SQL> oradebug setmypid        
Statement processed.        
SQL> oradebug unlimit        
Statement processed.        
SQL> oradebug dump systemstate 266        
ORA-03113: end-of-file on communication channel        
ORA-24323: value not allowed

 

2. The following error is reported in the alert.log:

ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kgllkd()+1254] [SIGSEGV] [Address not mapped to        
object] [0x000000030] [] []

   
   
The error did not crash background process or terminate the instance.

 

The issue is not resolved in any known patches.

Use any of the below workarounds:

· Connect / as sysdba (without -prelim)        
     
OR

· Force the variable PGA to be initialized:

 

sqlplus -prelim '/ as sysdba'        
oradebug setmypid        
oradebug unlimit        
oradebug call ksmcpg        
oradebug dump systemstate 10

--测试环境11g,获lgwr的spid        
SQL> select * from v$process where username='SYSTEM' and program like '%LGWR%';        
         
ADDR                    PID SPID                     PNAME USERNAME           SERIAL# TERMINAL         PROGRAM                                                          TRACEID                                                                          TRACEFILE                                                                        BACKGROUND LATCHWAIT        LATCHSPIN        PGA_USED_MEM PGA_ALLOC_MEM PGA_FREEABLE_MEM PGA_MAX_MEM        
---------------- ---------- ------------------------ ----- --------------- ---------- ---------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------------- ---------------- ------------ ------------- ---------------- -----------        
000007FF614CD768         11 17428                    LGWR  SYSTEM                   1 123-PC           ORACLE.EXE (LGWR)                                                                                                                                 d:\oracle11g_64bit\diag\rdbms\second\second\trace\second_lgwr_17428.trc          1                                                 5007762       5465314           131072     9921762

--另启一会话窗口,暂挂lgwr进程       
SQL> oradebug setsospid 17428        
ORA-00070: command setsospid is not valid        
SQL> oradebug setospid 17428        
Oracle pid: 11, Windows thread id: 17428, image: ORACLE.EXE (LGWR)        
SQL> oradebug suspend        
Statement processed.

--发生日志切换hang住        
SQL> alter system switch logfile;        
         
System altered        
--新建一个会话窗口        
create table t_h(a int);--语句hang住

--解挂lgwr进程,上述lgwr及create操作顺利执行完毕        
SQL> oradebug resume        
Statement processed.

小结:如果日志切换时,会暂住一切所有的数据库前端事务create and dml

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标签:oradebug,hang,sqlplus,processed,Statement,SQL,Oracle,prelim
来源: https://blog.51cto.com/lhrbest/2692097

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