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【转】如何通过条件构造器书写 MybatisPlus 复杂 SQL 语句?

2022-05-19 09:33:16  阅读:120  来源: 互联网

标签:语句 queryWrapper MybatisPlus name QueryWrapper age user SQL id


以下文章来源于微信公众号:Java技术指北 ,作者:指北君

 

  之前有一篇文章,我们介绍过通过 Mybatis Plus 进行增删改查。如下这段代码:

/**
 * 根据id修改
 * UPDATE user SET user_name=?, user_age=? WHERE (id = ?)
 */
@Test
public void testudpateById(){
    User user = new User();
    user.setUserAge("25");
    user.setUserName("test update");
    UpdateWrapper updateWrapper = new UpdateWrapper();
    updateWrapper.eq("id","3");
    int num = userMapper.update(user, updateWrapper);
    System.out.println("修改的记录数为:"+num);
}
     
/**
 * 查询指定记录
 * SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_name = ?)
 */
@Test
public void testSelectWrapper(){
    QueryWrapper wrapper = new QueryWrapper();
    wrapper.eq("user_name","IT可乐");
    List<User> users = userMapper.selectList(wrapper);
    users.forEach(x-> System.out.println(x.getId()+"-"+x.getUserName()+"-"+x.getUserAge()));
}

  上面两个方法分别是根据id修改表记录,和根据user_name查询记录。构造的条件使用了 UpdateWrapper 和 QueryWrapper ,那么这是什么呢?

  其实 mybatis plus 通过条件构造器可以组成复杂的SQL语句。本篇博客我们将详细介绍。

 

1 Wrapper

  Mybatis Plus 提供的几种条件构造器,关系如下:

 

  我们主要通过 QueryWrapper 和 UpdateWrapper 进行条件构造,这两个和 LambdaQueryWrapper、LambdaUpdateWrapper 差不多是等价的,只不过后者采用了 JDK1.8 提供的lambda 语法,使用起来更简洁。

 

2 语法详情总结

  关于条件构造器的各个用法介绍,可以参考官网:https://mp.baomidou.com/guide/wrapper.html#abstractwrapper

  这里我们做一下总结:

方法名说明用法实例等价SQL
官网地址 https://mp.baomidou.com/guide/wrapper.html#abstractwrapper ----: :----:
allEq(Map<R, V> params) 全部等于 map.put("id","3");map.put("user_name","IT可乐");allEq(map) user_name = "IT可乐" AND id = 3
eq(R column, Object val) 等于 = eq("id","3") id = 3
ne(R column, Object val) 不等于 <> ne("id", "3") id <> 3
gt(R column, Object val) 大于 > gt("user_age","18") user_age > 18
ge(R column, Object val) 大于等于 >= ge("user_age","18") user_age >= 18
lt(R column, Object val) 小于 < lt("user_age","18") user_age < 18
le(R column, Object val) 小于等于 <= le("user_age","18") user_age <= 18
between(R column, Object val1, Object val2) BETWEEN 值1 AND 值2 between("user_age","18","25") user_age BETWEEN 18 AND 25
notBetween(R column, Object val1, Object val2) NOT BETWEEN 值1 AND 值2 notBetween("user_age","18","25") user_age NOT BETWEEN 18 AND 25
like(R column, Object val) LIKE '%值%' like("user_name","可乐") like ‘%可乐%’
notLike(R column, Object val) NOT LIKE '%值%' notLike("user_name","可乐") not like ‘%可乐%’
likeLeft(R column, Object val) LIKE '%值' likeLeft("user_name","可乐") like ‘%可乐’
likeRight(R column, Object val) LIKE '值%' likeRight("user_name","可乐") like ‘可乐%’
isNull(R column) 字段 IS NULL isNull("user_name") user_name IS NULL
isNotNull(R column) 字段 IS NOT NULL isNotNull("user_name") user_name IS NOT NULL
in(R column, Collection<?> value) 字段 IN (value.get(0), value.get(1), ...) in("user_age",{1,2,3}) user_age IN (?,?,?)
notIn(R column, Collection<?> value) 字段 NOT IN (value.get(0), value.get(1), ...) notIn("user_age",{1,2,3}) user_age NOT IN (?,?,?)
inSql(R column, String inValue) 字段 IN ( sql语句 ) inSql("id","select id from user") id IN (select id from user)
notInSql(R column, String inValue) 字段 NOT IN ( sql语句 ) notInSql("id","select id from user where id > 2") id NOT IN (select id from user where id > 2
groupBy(R... columns) 分组:GROUP BY 字段, ... groupBy("id","user_age") GROUP BY id,user_age
orderByAsc(R... columns) 排序:ORDER BY 字段, ... ASC orderByAsc("id","user_age") ORDER BY id ASC,user_age ASC
orderByDesc(R... columns) 排序:ORDER BY 字段, ... DESC orderByDesc("id","user_age") ORDER BY id DESC,user_age DESC
orderBy(boolean condition, boolean isAsc, R... columns) ORDER BY 字段, ... orderBy(true,true,"id","user_age") ORDER BY id ASC,user_age ASC
having(String sqlHaving, Object... params) HAVING ( sql语句 ) having("sum(user_age)>{0}","25") HAVING sum(user_age)>25
or() 拼接 OR eq("id",1).or().eq("user_age",25) id = 1 OR user_age = 25
and(Consumerconsumer) AND 嵌套 and(i->i.eq("id",1).ne("user_age",18)) id = 1 AND user_age <> 25
nested(Consumerconsumer) 正常嵌套 不带 AND 或者 OR nested(i->i.eq("id",1).ne("user_age",18)) id = 1 AND user_age <> 25
apply(String applySql, Object... params) 拼接 sql(不会有SQL注入风险) apply("user_age>{0}","25 or 1=1") user_age >'25 or 1=1'
last(String lastSql) 拼接到 sql 的最后,多次调用以最后一次为准(有sql注入的风险) last("limit 1") limit 1
exists(String existsSql) 拼接 EXISTS ( sql语句 ) exists("select id from user where user_age = 1") EXISTS (select id from user where user_age = 1)
notExists(String notExistsSql) 拼接 NOT EXISTS ( sql语句 ) notExists("select id from user where user_age = 1") NOT EXISTS (select id from user where user_age = 1)

 

3 语法详情演示

  对于上表出现的每个语法,这里通过代码展示出来。

  更多可以参考地址:https://github.com/YSOcean/mybatisplusstudy.git

import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.conditions.query.QueryWrapper;
import com.ys.mybatisplusstudy.entry.User;
import com.ys.mybatisplusstudy.mapper.UserMapper;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
 
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
 
@SpringBootTest
public class WrapperTest {
    @Autowired
    private UserMapper userMapper;
 
 
    /**
     * 新增一条记录
     */
    @Test
    public void testInsert(){
        User user = new User();
        user.setId(4L);
        user.setUserName("test insert");
        user.setUserAge("1");
        int insert = userMapper.insert(user);
        System.out.println("影响记录数:"+insert);
    }
 
    /**
     * allEq 全部等于
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_name = ? AND id = ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testAllEq(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        Map map = new HashMap<>();
        map.put("id","3");
        map.put("user_name","IT可乐");
        queryWrapper.allEq(map);
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
 
    /**
     * eq 等于
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (id = ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testEq(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.eq("id","3");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * ne 不等于
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (id <> ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testNe(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.ne("id","3");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * gt 大于
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_age > ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testGt(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.gt("user_age","18");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * ge 大于等于
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_age >= ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testGe(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.ge("user_age","18");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * lt 小于
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_age < ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testLt(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.lt("user_age","18");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * le 小于等于
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_age <= ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testLe(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.le("user_age","18");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * between 值1和值2之间,两边临界值都包含
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_age BETWEEN ? AND ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testBetween(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.between("user_age","18","25");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * notBetween 不在值1和值2之间,两边临界值都包含
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_age NOT BETWEEN ? AND ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testNoBetween(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.notBetween("user_age","18","25");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * like 模糊查询,会在参数左右两边加上 %
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_name LIKE ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testLike(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.like("user_name","可乐");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * notLike NOT LIKE ‘%parameter%’
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_name NOT LIKE ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testNotLike(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.notLike("user_name","可乐");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * likeLeft LIKE ‘%parameter’
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_name LIKE '%parameter')
     */
    @Test
    public void testLikeLeft(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.likeLeft("user_name","可乐");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * likeRight LIKE ‘parameter%’
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_name LIKE 'parameter%')
     */
    @Test
    public void testLikeRight(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.likeRight("user_name","可乐");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * isNull 判断字段为null
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_name IS NULL)
     */
    @Test
    public void testIsNull(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.isNull("user_name");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * isNotNull 判断字段不为null
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_name IS NOT NULL)
     */
    @Test
    public void testIsNotNull(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.isNotNull("user_name");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * in 范围定值查询
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_age IN (?,?,?))
     */
    @Test
    public void testIn(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        List<Integer> queryList = new ArrayList<>();
        queryList.add(18);
        queryList.add(1);
        queryList.add(25);
        queryWrapper.in("user_age",queryList);
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * notIn
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_age IN (?,?,?))
     */
    @Test
    public void testNotIn(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        List<Integer> queryList = new ArrayList<>();
        queryList.add(18);
        queryList.add(1);
        queryList.add(25);
        queryWrapper.notIn("user_age",queryList);
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * inSql
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (id IN (select id from user))
     */
    @Test
    public void testInSql(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        //查询所有数据
        queryWrapper.inSql("id","select id from user");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * notInSql
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (id NOT IN (select id from user where id > 2))
     */
    @Test
    public void testNotInSql(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        //查询所有数据
        queryWrapper.notInSql("id","select id from user where id > 2");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * groupBy 分组
     * 下面SQL有个问题,在MySQL8.0版本中,是可以执行下面SQL语句的,select user_name并没有出现在group by 语句中
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user GROUP BY id,user_age
     */
    @Test
    public void testGroupBy(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.groupBy("id","user_age");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * orderByAsc 升序
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user ORDER BY id ASC,user_age ASC
     */
    @Test
    public void testOrderByAsc(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.orderByAsc("id","user_age");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * orderByDesc 降序
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user ORDER BY id DESC,user_age DESC
     */
    @Test
    public void testOrderByDesc(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.orderByDesc("id","user_age");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * orderBy 指定顺序排序
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user ORDER BY id ASC,user_age ASC
     */
    @Test
    public void testOrderBy(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.orderBy(true,true,"id","user_age");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * having
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user GROUP BY id,user_age HAVING sum(user_age)>?
     */
    @Test
    public void testHaving(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.groupBy("id","user_age");
        queryWrapper.having("sum(user_age)>{0}","25");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * having
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (id = ? OR user_age = ?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testOr(){
        QueryWrapper queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper();
        queryWrapper.eq("id",1);
        queryWrapper.or();
        queryWrapper.eq("user_age",25);
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }

    /**
     * and
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE ((id = ? AND user_age <> ?))
     */
    @Test
    public void testAnd(){
        QueryWrapper<User> queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
        queryWrapper.and(i->i.eq("id",1).ne("user_age",18));
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * nested
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE ((id = ? AND user_age <> ?))
     */
    @Test
    public void testNested(){
        QueryWrapper<User> queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
        queryWrapper.nested(i->i.eq("id",1).ne("user_age",18));
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * apply
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (user_age>?)
     */
    @Test
    public void testApplyd(){
        QueryWrapper<User> queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
        queryWrapper.apply("user_age>{0}","25 or 1=1");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * last
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user limit 1
     */
    @Test
    public void testLast(){
        QueryWrapper<User> queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
        queryWrapper.last("limit 1 ");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }

    /**
     * exists
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (EXISTS (select id from user where user_age = 1))
     */
    @Test
    public void testExists(){
        QueryWrapper<User> queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
        queryWrapper.exists("select id from user where user_age = 1");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
 
    /**
     * notExists
     * 实例SQL:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (EXISTS (select id from user where user_age = 1))
     */
    @Test
    public void testNotExists(){
        QueryWrapper<User> queryWrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
        queryWrapper.notExists("select id from user where user_age = 1");
        List<User> list = userMapper.selectList(queryWrapper);
        System.out.println(list);
    }
}

 

4 LambdaQueryWrapper和LambdaUpdateWrapper(推荐)

  LambdaQueryWrapper 和 LambdaUpdateWrapper 这是相对于 QueryWrapper 及 UpdateWrapper 的 Lmbda 语法实现方式。

  分别通过如下两种方式获取:

//两种方式        
LambdaQueryWrapper queryLambda = new QueryWrapper().lambda();
LambdaQueryWrapper lambdaQueryWrapper = new LambdaQueryWrapper<>();

//两种方式
LambdaUpdateWrapper updateLambda = new UpdateWrapper().lambda();
LambdaUpdateWrapper lambdaUpdateWrapper = new LambdaUpdateWrapper();

  注意:获取LambdaQueryWrapper 和 LambdaUpdateWrapper 对象时,为了使用lambda语法,要使用泛型。

  下面我演示几个实例:

/**
 * LambdaQueryWrapper
 * SQL实例:SELECT id,user_name,user_age FROM user WHERE (id = ? AND user_age <> ?)
 */
@Test
public void testLambdaQueryWrapper(){
    LambdaQueryWrapper<User> queryLambda = new LambdaQueryWrapper<>();
    queryLambda.eq(User::getId,"1").ne(User::getUserAge,25);
    List<User> users = userMapper.selectList(queryLambda);
    System.out.println(users);
}
 
/**
 * LambdaQueryWrapper
 * SQL实例:UPDATE user SET user_name=? WHERE (user_name = ?)
 */
@Test
public void testLambdaUpdateWrapper(){
    User user = new User();
    user.setUserName("LambdaUpdateWrapper");
    LambdaUpdateWrapper<User> userLambdaUpdateWrapper = new LambdaUpdateWrapper<>();
    userLambdaUpdateWrapper.eq(User::getUserName,"IT可乐");
    userMapper.update(user,userLambdaUpdateWrapper);
}

 

5 总结

  对于mybatis plus 中的四种条件构造器,我们就到此结束了,大家可以按照我的实例敲一遍代码,基本上就没啥问题了。

  有没有发现使用 Lambda 语法很爽,语法简洁,另外有个优点是,使用QueryWrapper或者UpdateWrapper时,对于条件的某个列,我们是写的字符串配置,比如 QueryWrapper.eq("id",1);这里的id是数据库表的列名,很有可能我们会写错,但是通过lambda 的方式,LambdaQueryWrapper.eq(User::getId,1),这样就不会有写错的可能了。所以推荐大家使用Lambda 的方式。

  至此,mybatis plus 的常规用法就全部介绍结束了,当然,事情还远没有结束,为了让大家用得更爽,后续将给大家介绍一些高阶玩法。

 

 

 

标签:语句,queryWrapper,MybatisPlus,name,QueryWrapper,age,user,SQL,id
来源: https://www.cnblogs.com/huanshilang/p/16287296.html

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