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Proxy.newProxyInstance源码探究

2021-04-25 23:05:49  阅读:174  来源: 互联网

标签:Class newProxyInstance public 源码 Proxy supplier new null class


 JDK动态代理案例实现:实现 InvocationHandler 接口重写 invoke 方法,其中包含一个对象变量和提供一个包含对象的构造方法;

public class MyInvocationHandler implements InvocationHandler {
    Object target;//目标对象
    public MyInvocationHandler(Object target){
        this.target=target;
    }
    /**
     * @param proxy 代理对象
     * @param method 目标对象的目标方法
     * @param args    目标方法的参数
     */
    @Override
    public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
        System.out.println("log");
        return method.invoke(target,args);
    }
}
public class MyInvocationHandlerTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //参数: 当前类的classLoader(保证MyInvocationHandlerTest当前类可用)
        //         接口数组:通过接口反射得到接口里面的方法,对接口里面的所有方法都进行代理
        //         实现的InvocationHandler:参数是目标对象
        UserDao jdkproxy = (UserDao) Proxy.newProxyInstance(MyInvocationHandlerTest.class.getClassLoader(),
                new Class[]{UserDao.class},new MyInvocationHandler(new UserService()));
        jdkproxy.query("query");
        //-----结果------
        //log
        //query
    }
}

  接下来查看 Proxy.newProxyInstance 源码探究它的实现过程:  

    public static Object newProxyInstance(ClassLoader loader,
                                          Class<?>[] interfaces,
                                          InvocationHandler h)
        throws IllegalArgumentException
    {    
        //检查InvocationHandler是否为空,为空抛出空指针异常
        Objects.requireNonNull(h);
        //克隆拿到接口
        final Class<?>[] intfs = interfaces.clone();
        //进行安全校验
        final SecurityManager sm = System.getSecurityManager();
        //检查是否能被代理
        if (sm != null) {
            checkProxyAccess(Reflection.getCallerClass(), loader, intfs);
        }

        /*
         * Look up or generate the designated proxy class.
         * 得到代理类
         */
        Class<?> cl = getProxyClass0(loader, intfs);

        /*
         * Invoke its constructor with the designated invocation handler.
         */
        try {
            if (sm != null) {
                checkNewProxyPermission(Reflection.getCallerClass(), cl);
            }
            //通过构造方法得到代理类的对象
            final Constructor<?> cons = cl.getConstructor(constructorParams);
            final InvocationHandler ih = h;
            if (!Modifier.isPublic(cl.getModifiers())) {
                AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Void>() {
                    public Void run() {
                        cons.setAccessible(true);
                        return null;
                    }
                });
            }
            //new得到代理对象
            return cons.newInstance(new Object[]{h});
        } catch (IllegalAccessException|InstantiationException e) {
            throw new InternalError(e.toString(), e);
        } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
            Throwable t = e.getCause();
            if (t instanceof RuntimeException) {
                throw (RuntimeException) t;
            } else {
                throw new InternalError(t.toString(), t);
            }
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
            throw new InternalError(e.toString(), e);
        }
    }

  从上面可以看出 Class<?> cl = getProxyClass0(loader, intfs); 这行代码最重要,它可以得到一个代理对象,下面是 Proxy#getProxyClass0 的源码

    private static Class<?> getProxyClass0(ClassLoader loader,
                                           Class<?>... interfaces) {
        if (interfaces.length > 65535) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("interface limit exceeded");
        }

        // If the proxy class defined by the given loader implementing
        // the given interfaces exists, this will simply return the cached copy;
        // otherwise, it will create the proxy class via the ProxyClassFactory
    //如果接口的代理类已经存在缓存中了,直接从缓存中取出来返回,如果不存在则通过ProxyClassFactory创建一个并放入缓存中供下次使用 
        return proxyClassCache.get(loader, interfaces);
    }

  proxyClassCache.get() 的实现在 WeakCache#get() 中:

    public V get(K key, P parameter) {
        Objects.requireNonNull(parameter);

        expungeStaleEntries();
        //从缓存中取出代理类的key值,因为代理类的生成需要耗时间和性能,所有缓存起来方便下次直接使用
        Object cacheKey = CacheKey.valueOf(key, refQueue);

        // lazily install the 2nd level valuesMap for the particular cacheKey
        ConcurrentMap<Object, Supplier<V>> valuesMap = map.get(cacheKey);
        if (valuesMap == null) {
            ConcurrentMap<Object, Supplier<V>> oldValuesMap
                = map.putIfAbsent(cacheKey,
                                  valuesMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<>());
            if (oldValuesMap != null) {
                valuesMap = oldValuesMap;
            }
        }

        // create subKey and retrieve the possible Supplier<V> stored by that
        // subKey from valuesMap 获取到接口信息
        Object subKey = Objects.requireNonNull(subKeyFactory.apply(key, parameter));
        Supplier<V> supplier = valuesMap.get(subKey);
        Factory factory = null;
        //开始进来supplier是null,所以执行后面的代码创建一个Factory然后赋值给supplier
        while (true) {
            if (supplier != null) {
                // supplier might be a Factory or a CacheValue<V> instance
                //获取到代理类
                V value = supplier.get();
                if (value != null) {
                    //返回代理类
                    return value;
                }
            }
            // else no supplier in cache
            // or a supplier that returned null (could be a cleared CacheValue
            // or a Factory that wasn't successful in installing the CacheValue)

            // lazily construct a Factory
            if (factory == null) {
                factory = new Factory(key, parameter, subKey, valuesMap);//通过接口信息和classLoader创建一个工厂
            }

            if (supplier == null) {
                supplier = valuesMap.putIfAbsent(subKey, factory);
                if (supplier == null) {
                    // successfully installed Factory
                    supplier = factory;
                }
                // else retry with winning supplier
            } else {
                if (valuesMap.replace(subKey, supplier, factory)) {
                    // successfully replaced
                    // cleared CacheEntry / unsuccessful Factory
                    // with our Factory
                    supplier = factory;//将工厂赋值给supplier
                } else {
                    // retry with current supplier
                    supplier = valuesMap.get(subKey);
                }
            }
        }
    }

  下面查看 supplier.get():WeakCache.Factory#get()

        public synchronized V get() { // serialize access
            // re-check
            Supplier<V> supplier = valuesMap.get(subKey);
            if (supplier != this) {
                // something changed while we were waiting:
                // might be that we were replaced by a CacheValue
                // or were removed because of failure ->
                // return null to signal WeakCache.get() to retry
                // the loop
                return null;
            }
            // else still us (supplier == this)

            // create new value
            V value = null;
            try {
                //创建获取到value
                value = Objects.requireNonNull(valueFactory.apply(key, parameter));
            } finally {
                if (value == null) { // remove us on failure
                    valuesMap.remove(subKey, this);
                }
            }
            // the only path to reach here is with non-null value
            assert value != null;

            // wrap value with CacheValue (WeakReference)
            CacheValue<V> cacheValue = new CacheValue<>(value);//根据代理类创建一个缓存对象

            // put into reverseMap
            reverseMap.put(cacheValue, Boolean.TRUE);//将代理放入缓存中

            // try replacing us with CacheValue (this should always succeed)
            if (!valuesMap.replace(subKey, this, cacheValue)) {
                throw new AssertionError("Should not reach here");
            }

            // successfully replaced us with new CacheValue -> return the value
            // wrapped by it
            return value;
        }

  接下来查看 Objects.requireNonNull() 中的 apply方法:Proxy.ProxyClassFactory#apply()

        public Class<?> apply(ClassLoader loader, Class<?>[] interfaces) {
            //获取到所有实现接口
            Map<Class<?>, Boolean> interfaceSet = new IdentityHashMap<>(interfaces.length);
            //遍历所有接口
            for (Class<?> intf : interfaces) {
                /*
                 * Verify that the class loader resolves the name of this
                 * interface to the same Class object.
                 */
                Class<?> interfaceClass = null;
                try {
                    //对接口再次装载,相当classLoader.loadClass
                    interfaceClass = Class.forName(intf.getName(), false, loader);
                } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                }
                //判断两个接口是不是同一个接口(同一个类加载器加载的):判断对象是否是同一个
                if (interfaceClass != intf) {
                    throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                        intf + " is not visible from class loader");
                }
                /*
                 * Verify that the Class object actually represents an
                 * interface.
                 */
                if (!interfaceClass.isInterface()) {
                    throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                        interfaceClass.getName() + " is not an interface");
                }
                /*
                 * Verify that this interface is not a duplicate.
                 */
                if (interfaceSet.put(interfaceClass, Boolean.TRUE) != null) {
                    throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                        "repeated interface: " + interfaceClass.getName());
                }
            }
            //代理对象的包名
            String proxyPkg = null;     // package to define proxy class in
            int accessFlags = Modifier.PUBLIC | Modifier.FINAL;

            /*
             * Record the package of a non-public proxy interface so that the
             * proxy class will be defined in the same package.  Verify that
             * all non-public proxy interfaces are in the same package.
             */
            for (Class<?> intf : interfaces) {
                int flags = intf.getModifiers();
                //判断接口的类型是否是public,如果不是public,将代理类放到目标对象同一目录下
                if (!Modifier.isPublic(flags)) {
                    accessFlags = Modifier.FINAL;
                    String name = intf.getName();
                    int n = name.lastIndexOf('.');
                    String pkg = ((n == -1) ? "" : name.substring(0, n + 1));
                    if (proxyPkg == null) {
                        proxyPkg = pkg;
                    } else if (!pkg.equals(proxyPkg)) {
                        throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                            "non-public interfaces from different packages");
                    }
                }
            }

            if (proxyPkg == null) {
                // if no non-public proxy interfaces, use com.sun.proxy package
                //默认定义包名
                //public static final String PROXY_PACKAGE = "com.sun.proxy";
                proxyPkg = ReflectUtil.PROXY_PACKAGE + ".";
            }

            /*
             * Choose a name for the proxy class to generate.
             */
            long num = nextUniqueNumber.getAndIncrement();
            //标识:private static final String proxyClassNamePrefix = "$Proxy";
            //随机数(防止多线程测试相同的类名):long num = nextUniqueNumber.getAndIncrement();
            //代理类的名字:代理包名+ 标识+ 随机数
            String proxyName = proxyPkg + proxyClassNamePrefix + num;

            /*
             * Generate the specified proxy class.
             * 产生指定的代理类信息,是二进制信息,可以使用IO流输出代理类的Java文件(可查看前文有介绍)
             * ProxyGenerator.generateProxyClass()是一个静态方法,所以可以外部直接调用
             */
            byte[] proxyClassFile = ProxyGenerator.generateProxyClass(
                proxyName, interfaces, accessFlags);
            try {
                //产生代理类,返回一个class:将byte字节码转换成class
                //defineClass0是一个native方法,由JVM实现的:private static native Class<?> defineClass0();
                return defineClass0(loader, proxyName,
                                    proxyClassFile, 0, proxyClassFile.length);
            } catch (ClassFormatError e) {
                /*
                 * A ClassFormatError here means that (barring bugs in the
                 * proxy class generation code) there was some other
                 * invalid aspect of the arguments supplied to the proxy
                 * class creation (such as virtual machine limitations
                 * exceeded).
                 */
                throw new IllegalArgumentException(e.toString());
            }
        }

标签:Class,newProxyInstance,public,源码,Proxy,supplier,new,null,class
来源: https://www.cnblogs.com/huangrenhui/p/14698331.html

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