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【C语言】构建新生的学籍卡管理程序。学籍卡内容包括:学号、姓名、性别、专业等内容。

2020-10-25 20:32:03  阅读:131  来源: 互联网

标签:head 管理程序 Slink next strcpy firstNode id C语言 学籍


题目(数据结构测试)

代码:

#include<stdio.h>
#include<malloc.h>
#include<string.h>

#define MAX 50
/*创建一个学生表结构体*/
typedef struct student_node
{
    unsigned id;
    char name[MAX];
    char sex[MAX];
    char major[MAX];
    struct student_node *next;
}Slink;

/*创建一个有n个学生带头结点的单链表*/
Slink *CreateSlink(int n)
{
    Slink *head,*p,*s;
    int i;
    p = head = (Slink *)malloc(sizeof(Slink));    //创建头结点
    printf("请输入%d个学生的学籍信息:\n",n);
    for(i = 0;i < n;i++)
    {
        s = (Slink *)malloc(sizeof(Slink));
        printf("**********请输入学号**********\n");
        scanf("%u",&s->id);    
        printf("**********请输入姓名**********\n");
        getchar();                               //消除scanf函数不接收的 回车符(\n)
       gets(s->name);                           //name中可以包含空格
        printf("**********请输入性别**********\n");
        scanf("%s",&s->sex);
        printf("**********请输入专业**********\n");
        scanf("%s",&s->major);

        p->next = s;                        //将新结点s插入链表的尾结点
        p = s;                                //修改尾指针指向 p 指向当前的尾结点 s
    }
    p->next = NULL;
  return head;
}
/*在单链表中按照学号顺序重新调整结点的顺序,形成一个新的链表*/
void BubbleSort(Slink *head)
{
    Slink *firstNode = head->next;
    Slink *secondNode = head;
    char temp[1024];
    while(firstNode != NULL)
    {
        while(firstNode->next != NULL)
        {
            if(firstNode->id > firstNode->next->id)
            {
                int t = firstNode->id;
                firstNode->id = firstNode->next->id;
                firstNode->next->id = t;    
                //交换姓名
                strcpy(temp,firstNode->name);
                strcpy(firstNode->name,firstNode->next->name);
                strcpy(firstNode->next->name,temp);
                //交换性别
                strcpy(temp,firstNode->sex);
                strcpy(firstNode->sex,firstNode->next->sex);
                strcpy(firstNode->next->sex,temp);
                //交换专业
                strcpy(temp,firstNode->major);
                strcpy(firstNode->major,firstNode->next->major);
                strcpy(firstNode->next->major,temp);

            }
            firstNode = firstNode->next;
        }
        firstNode = secondNode->next;
        secondNode = firstNode;
    }
}
/*输出按学号从小到大排序后的结果*/
void display(Slink *head)
{
    Slink *p;
    p = head->next; /*从第一个实际结点开始*/
    if(!p)
    {
        printf("\n带头结点的单链表是空的!");
    }
    else
    {
        printf("\n新生登记卡按学号排序后的表为:\n");
        while(p)
        {
            printf("%u  %s   %s  %s\n",p->id,p->name,p->sex,p->major);
            p = p->next;
        }
    }
}
int main()
{
    Slink *head = CreateSlink(3);
    BubbleSort(head);
    display(head);
}

 运行结果

 

标签:head,管理程序,Slink,next,strcpy,firstNode,id,C语言,学籍
来源: https://www.cnblogs.com/HGNET/p/13875005.html

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